Installing a Directory Server

Practice Labs Module
Time
1 hour
Difficulty
Intermediate

The Installing a Directory Server module provides you with the instruction and server hardware to develop your hands on skills in the defined topics. This module includes the following exercises: Install a new Domain Controller, Understanding Lightweight Directory Access Protocol and Global Catalog Services.

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Overview

Introduction

The Installing a Directory Server module provides you with the instruction and server hardware to develop your hands on skills in the defined topics. This module includes the following exercises:

  • Install a new Domain Controller
  • Understanding Lightweight Directory Access Protocol and Global Catalog Services

Exercise 1 - Install a new Domain Controller

Network operating systems like Windows Server, store information about servers, workstations, disk volumes, printers, users, groups and client-server applications in a database commonly known as a directory. Software vendors implement their proprietary tools to administer, secure and manage those objects in a directory and it is called a directory service.

A directory service is a system that provides a centralized repository for storing, managing information and organize their resources. Data stored on a directory service can only be accessed by designated administrators and authorized personnel.

In this exercise, you will explore Windows directory service also known as Active Directory Domain Services.

A server running the Active Directory Domain Services is called a domain controller. This computer maintains a database of network resources like users, groups, organizational units, disk volumes, printers, servers and other types of objects. The domain controller authenticates users who log on to the service and gives a user access depending on his role in the network.

When a domain controller is installed, it is assigned to a Windows domain. A domain is the administrative unit of a Windows network. It’s common to have more than one domain controller in a domain as this enhances recoverability of Windows directory services and distributes the workload of user authentication between domain controllers.

Exercise 2 - Understanding Lightweight Directory Access Protocol and Global Catalog Services

A directory is a database of network objects that is maintained by operating systems such as Windows Server 2012. To administer this directory, software vendors implement a directory service that is accessible only to authorized personnel of an organization. Windows Server 2012 implements Active Directory as means of organizing network objects like users, groups, computers, printers and among others. You access the network objects using tools like Active Directory Users and Computers.

Lightweight directory access protocol (LDAP) is a TCP/IP protocol used for accessing a directory service. LDAP listens on TCP port number 389 for incoming connections from other devices. Software vendors like Microsoft have their own implementation on how to access the Active Directory services using LDAP. In this exercise, you will use another tool called ADSI Edit to connect to Active Directory services.

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