Network and Endpoint Security

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Time
7 hours 15 minutes
Difficulty
Intermediate
CEU/CPE
8
Video Transcription
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>> Hi there, and welcome to our next lesson,
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Network and Endpoint Security.
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What we'll cover in this lesson,
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will be obviously Network and
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>> Endpoint Security in a bit
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>> of depth exactly what it is and a few definitions.
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Introduction to IS Network Architecture.
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Some Enterprise Network Architectures,
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different types of network.
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Some network services,
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Network Architecture Goals and
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an introduction to the OSI Architecture.
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Let's begin, so Network and Endpoint Security.
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Basically we're looking at perimeter security controls.
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Traditionally these used to be firewalls,
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and IDSs, and they existed at
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the very edge of the network.
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But today because networks
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or the definition of what a network is,
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is a lot more variable and we
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have different things such as cloud and mobile,
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the perimeter and security
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controls are a little bit different.
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They can be basically at the edge
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of the network or they could even be
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at the very edge of
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the device that you're using at the time.
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The key thing here is
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basically implementation and maintenance to
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fit the requirements of your organization's objectives.
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If that's a traditional network with
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the edge at the router, that's fine.
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But it also needs to take into account
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new technologies such as Cloud.
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Let's talk a little bit about IS Network Infrastructure.
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There's a couple of different methodologies
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and architectures that you're likely to come across.
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You could find a dedicated circuit which basically
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connects one location directly to another location.
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You could have a switch circuit,
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which doesn't permanently connect to the two locations,
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but it's more of connection on-demand.
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Now, use within this can also be packet switching.
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Packet switching is common
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within Internet services today,
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and it basically enables multiple users to send out
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their data in the form of packets onto a common carrier.
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Think of it as a number of
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different cars on a freeway, for example.
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Now, baseband or broadband are
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basically two methods for transmitting
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signals over analog communication,
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telecommunications links, so with baseband
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the signals are directly injected
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into the communication links.
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No modulation or shift,
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in any of the range frequencies of the signal.
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In broadband, different carrier frequencies
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defined within the available band
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can carry the analog signals.
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You get a little bit of different capabilities
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between those two systems.
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Now, Enterprise Network Architectures,
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you can have a variety here as well.
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Large and centrally managed.
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This could be basically a
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very significant, and large organization.
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They have full control and ownership of all of
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their enterprise network from
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the cabling right through to the carrier services.
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Now this can also be incorporating a LAN,
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or a WAN type system.
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With WAN it's uncommon for it
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to be large and centrally managed,
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there's usually outsource components.
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This can be basically however public,
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and or private infrastructure.
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Depending upon the size of the organization,
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they may fully control all the infrastructure.
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All the cable and you'll often find this in
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governmental military organizations, for example.
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Or it could be going up
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the public infrastructure which is shared cabling.
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Now, you've got service oriented architecture,
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which you'll often see in software,
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but it's also present
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within enterprise network architectures.
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That is basically a very much a granular approach
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to development of services that can be accessed on a,
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ad hoc or an as-needed basis.
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Now, an auditor will need
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to understand these technologies.
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Now, as I've stressed before,
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this isn't a technical qualification as such,
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but it does require some technical knowledge.
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Now, I've touched very lightly on some of these details.
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If you have a technical background,
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and that's where you come from,
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then this should be quiet simple for you.
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If you come from an auditing background
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primarily or one that's not so technical,
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this might be an area that you may want to
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focus on with your studies.
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Now there's a couple of different types of network.
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We have Personal Area Networks.
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Now these are essentially networks
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that are basically carried on an individual.
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They could be the network connection from your telephone,
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from your mobile phones through
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to your Bluetooth headset,
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for example, or other data device.
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You have a local area network,
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which is essentially networks made over a small space.
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Usually a local area network could be within
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a building or within multiple buildings, for example.
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A storage area network is network attached storage,
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which enables data storage
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to be transmitted over the network areas.
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We have a wide area network,
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which could connect multiple lands
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together and usually has some form
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of carrier that might
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not necessarily be owned by the company.
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We also have metropolitan area networks.
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Now that could be basically a network
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between two buildings in a city for example,
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where there might be a microwave connection on the top
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of one building going straight over to the next.
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It's a little bit more uncommon these days with ubiquity
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of other networking services,
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but it still might be something that you encounter.
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There's quite a few different network
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services that you could come across,
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so network file system,
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so file-sharing on the networks,
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e-mail services, print services,
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remote access services such as
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VPN connections into your local area network.
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Directory services, which is usually
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Active Directory for Microsoft Windows
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, Network Management Services.
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Services that assist network administrators
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in managing the network.
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Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol,
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which is a service which allocates
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IP addresses on a dynamic basis out
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to workstations and Domain Name Services.
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The DNS systems, which will
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help provide web address resolution.
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In designing network, there's a couple
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of goals basically, interoperability,
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that's quite critical now with services being offered to
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organizations and interactions between
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organizations being so common.
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When networks were first designed,
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there was quite a few disparate protocols which
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could work from one organization but not from another.
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Now with TCPIP,
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and LAN and WAN networks being so common,
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your interoperability is key.
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Also availability,
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the network is quite critical to the business,
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and particularly if there's
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an external facing system such as Amazon for example,
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the network availability for
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their customers is quite critical, and flexibility.
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Network Architecture needs to
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be able to grow with the organization.
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What may be suitable for an organization of one size,
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might not be suitable in full IP is time if
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the network has necessarily grown.
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In terms of strategic planning for
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>> Network Architecture,
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>> this is something that needs to be taken into account
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, and also maintainability.
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The network is quite critical.
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It requires high availability and interoperability,
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but it also needs to be maintained to ensure that it is
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working efficiently and meeting the business goals.
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The open systems architecture.
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OSI architecture,
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It's basically a Network Architecture standard.
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It provides a model for
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organizations to build against
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when the developing networks services.
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It's quite old by today's standards,
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It was developed in 1984,
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and still actually is
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working relatively accurately and true today.
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It contains seven different layers.
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Each layer is self-contained and independent,
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and messages get passed
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from one layer through to the next,
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and then back it up the
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opposite way when it reaches its destination.
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This has been able to be implemented
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across different technologies.
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The seven layers of the OSI model,
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application which is basically
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the standard interface for
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applications to communicate with.
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These would be the user-facing aspect of it,
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presentation which controls the transformation of
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data to provide a standard interface
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for the application layer,
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session which controls
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the conversations between different computers.
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Transport, which provides the transparent transfer
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of data between the endpoint,
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network which will create
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the virtual circuits between the transport layers,
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the data link which is starting to move
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into the physical layers and the physical.
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That will basically be the hardware that
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transmits and receives the bitstream across the system.
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The layers will basically
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transmit from one side to the other.
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Data will move from the application to the physic,
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down to the physical on one side of the communication.
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Then when it reaches its destination,
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it will move from the physical to the application.
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Each layer is encapsulated and totally independent of
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each other. That's our lesson.
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Basically we've looked a little bit
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about Network and Endpoint Security.
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We've looked at information systems,
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network infrastructure,
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enterprise network architectures,
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different types of networks that
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you're likely to come across,
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a little bit about the common network services.
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The key goals for network architecture.
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We've looked at the OSI Architecture as well.
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Again, this is probably one of
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the more technical lessons.
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But again, I can stress that
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the Certified Information Systems Auditor
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requires a high level understanding of the technology,
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but not necessarily down into the nuts and bolts of it.
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Thanks for listening, and
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I will see you at the next lesson.
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