# 4.2 Understanding Internet Protocol Part 2 - MTAN

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Time
4 hours 30 minutes
Difficulty
Beginner
CEU/CPE
5
Video Transcription
00:00
Welcome back to Sob Aries Empty A 98 3 66 Network and Fundamentals Certification Prep course.
00:09
This is a continuation of model for if you call modern four dealt specifically with understanding Internet protocols
00:17
and our previous video we discuss I'd be version for in this particular video we turn our attention to what the discussion again of I p version six. Again, the object is to understand i p version six. So before we begin the process of discussing again Happy version six,
00:34
that's kind of brief. You take a look again at what was discussed in the previous video.
00:38
We remember. Remember that if you recall, we learned that
00:42
RP version four is comprised of five different classes of addresses range from a all way down t e.
00:50
Another thing that mentioned in the previous video about the network ideas was the whole idea. I want to clear that up because hopefully you understand what was discussed. But again,
00:59
this is gonna hopefully going to make it much more clear for you.
01:02
Now, in this picture, you can see you have a small network. Obviously we have been assigned a Class C I P address for this network. Remember that A Class C I p address off for small networks.
01:14
Look at host A. Its very center holds a very center diagram. You see a computer here listed as host A.
01:21
You see that he has an I P. Address of 192168.0. Doubt to not a network portion of network i D. Portion of the address is in blue,
01:32
while your host idee is an orange
01:37
picking a step further. Let's look at it again. Still discussing that work idea Host i. D.
01:41
If you look at a Class A, it takes eight bits to make up the network i d. While when you look at the host again, i d. It takes is comprised of 24 bits. Remember, it takes a total of
01:55
32 bits to comprise an I P address for an Appy version
01:59
four type of dress. In other words, So with that being said, let's take a pre assessment course in
02:06
how many Bissell in the Op Iverson six addresses a 24.
02:09
Is it be? 68 isn't see 1 20 or d 1024.
02:15
If you said like that 1 28 You're absolutely correct. That's one of the main differences between the version six and 44 has 32 bits while I pee birds and six has AH 128 28 bit Hexi decimal type address.
02:35
So when you look at me versus it, it's the most recent version of the Internet protocol the communication protocol, the vice and identification and location system for computers on the network. And it rots traffic across the end that I P versus six is intended to replace I p version for Remember each bit doubles the number available
02:53
03:00
now I'd be virgin for has 128 bit Hexi decimal tight number.
03:07
You also have a unit class address, which is a single dress on a single interface.
03:13
There's two types of you know CASS address that we'll be discussing when you think about Global, you know, CASS address basically, in an Internet protocol version six, a conventional public irritable address that could be used Internet or in any public domain that's associate with a single note, and it can, in effect,
03:31
identify the note.
03:34
Then we have the next term, which is called a link local address, which is a network address as valid on Lee for communication within the network segment or the broadcast of May that the host is connected to.
03:51
Now we look at I p version six. We have a term called any class address race. It is an address that is assigned to a set of interfaces that typically belong to different knows a packages sent to an any caste address and is delivered to the closest interface as defined by the writing protocol in use.
04:13
Then we have multicast motor. CASS address is a single copy data data packets set that represents a network host group
04:20
motor CASS address available to process data grams or frames intended to be motor cast
04:27
to a designated network service.
04:32
Now, when you look again at I P, version six is broken out into three parts.
04:38
Basically, you have a global routing prefix, which is a network I d or prefix it. Address used for routing. The 1st 3 bits are 001 to indicate a unique *** type of dress.
04:49
Then you have our P versus 67 in which is easier than happy version for I mean for the six doesn't have a summit Mass, but instead calls it a prefix link, often shortened to prefix link. And again, we have you have masking work again. It works similar to Mass, and that's what you have.
05:08
What I p version. We have a sudden at Mass.
05:11
Then we have again the interface RD
05:14
again. When you think about again the interface i D. Basically, this is the individual holes i p. Portion. It can be assigned to one interface or Maur than one interface dependent on type of I P. Version six Address
05:28
again. When you look in next to him, we said looking Linda, Hi peepers and six Address here.
05:32
Now again, members broke out of Hester. Decimal is a base 16 number. It is a different method of representing numbers than the base 10 number we use in everyday practice in base 10. We count in multiple tens before adding another digit.
05:48
Now Internet Protocol Version six is a numerical labor has used to identify network interface off a computer or a network. No participate in Ivy Version six computer network
06:00
here. Next time, let's take a look again. This is taking a look at the the address again to his original another word solution. We first need to align the left side of the double gold on the left side of the original pattern and the right side of double core into the right side
06:16
of the original part. To find out how many zeros we need to replace the double colon,
06:21
this means that again this is that this original dress is as follows again. Is actor showing you what that would look like again? Looking at again, they Hexi decimal get type display for your eye fevers. And six,
06:35
the next level particular is actually a picture of a configuration for happy version six. The great thing about computers nowadays, if you have our new computers are way to set up where you could have to sit up to configure what we call you lies. Happy version six addressing
06:51
The next time we take a look again, I peek and figure all command again, which, in order to access this particular command, you click the written. But in the one will start menu, you're typing command in the open pump off the run menu and click okay to launch to command prompt the type that I p config all.
07:09
What is going to provide you all the various information that there is interfaces and so forth?
07:15
Then we have a test in the happy version. Six. Loop back again. Obviously could do that. Both of my peoples in 64 and six. It's an address which represents the same interface of a computer, but almost all leading operates system using name local host to represent an app, rivers and look back address
07:34
again this his show how we go about the process of testing other computer RV birds and six link local type of dress.
07:44
There's another term called Dual Happy Stack.
07:46
Basically again, what that deals specifically with in this case, it exists when there to what we call in that put it on software implementation in the operating system when you have one for Happy Version four and another for I P Version six. So adore stack architecture support both
08:03
i P version four and Happy Version six traffic and routes the Prophet traffic
08:09
as required to any device on your network.
08:13
Then we have happy forging four addressing These addresses are typically written in 96 bit prefix in the standard op E version six format and the remaining third tube. It's written in the customer adopted decimal portion of Happy Version four.
08:31
Do we have a happy version for the happy version? Six. Tunneling.
08:33
Basically, an I P address is a binary number but could be stored his text for human readers.
08:39
And so our people's impacts can be encapsulate inside happy versions for Data Grams. When you look at Mike's operation, this Julie done again with Tintoretto Adapter, which is a virtual adapter. Ah, pseudo interface. In other words,
08:52
that brings us to a post assessment question.
08:56
What are two types of you know CASS addresses? Is it a global? You know, CASS address? Is it be linked Local point or that scene, Post Office box or D do O. R P?
09:07
The correct answer are you have to answer. That's called a global. You have the global
09:13
and you have again the link local point.
09:16
So in summary, doing a course a model for
09:20
we learned that in that protocol version for an I P version for is most frequently used communication protocol. It resides on the network layer of the oy sy motto.
09:28
Ah, the Protocol Street is built into most operations and used by most Internet connection in United States.
09:35
Obviously, we learned to complete an optical figures. You need to need a default gateway address and I d E N s server as well. Address this. Have the client computer connected to Internet
09:46
the I P Version four classifications system, known as a classical network architecture and is broken down into five sections.
09:52
Three of our common, used by host networks, a Class A, B and C
09:58
to complete and happy configuration. You need a default gate. We talked about that. And it Dennis addresses well
10:05
again. Obviously, the transition from my papers and 4 to 67 methods were developed, including Toretto and Interred. Um, site automatic tunneling address type protocol
10:18
in the upcoming presentation will be discussion model 20 to implement TCP I pee in the command line.
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