US Constitution

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Time
1 hour 49 minutes
Difficulty
Intermediate
CEU/CPE
2
Video Transcription
00:00
less than 5.1 starts our journey through the court system and the American legal system. We're going to talk about the United States Constitution and where the courts come from.
00:12
In this video, we're going to talk about how the U. S Constitution establishes the court system
00:19
and then we'll talk a little bit more about
00:21
the federal court system is a whole
00:25
Article three Section one of the United States Constitution states quote. The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one Supreme Court and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from time to time, ordain and establish
00:41
the judges. Both of the supreme and inferior courts shall hold their offices during good behavior and shallot, thyme stated received for their service a compensation which shall not not be diminished
00:54
during their continuance in office.
00:57
There's a number of really important points here.
01:00
The Onley court that is absolutely established by the United States Constitution is the Supreme Court. All other courts
01:08
at a federal at the federal level are established through Congress.
01:15
It's also important to note that judges
01:18
are allowed to hold their
01:19
offices during good behavior, which has often been
01:23
interpreted to be for lifetime appointment or what you'll hear is a lifetime appointment,
01:29
and their salaries can't be diminished. They can only be increased
01:34
during their off time in office.
01:38
However,
01:40
the
01:41
Congress found it important to not just have a Supreme Court that sits in Washington, D. C. That adjudicates issues, but they wanted to because this is such a large nation, they wanted to divide the courts into
01:57
smaller areas, smaller divisions, no nas circuit.
02:01
It's
02:02
in the US We have 13 circuits,
02:07
11 numbered circuits,
02:08
the circuit for the District of Columbia and the Federal Circuit Court, which it handles typically bankruptcies and, um, military matters.
02:21
As you'll see, depending on the region of the country you're in, you're in a specific
02:27
circuit.
02:28
So I was born and raised in Miami. I grew up in the 11th Circuit as you'll see on the map. I now live in Houston, Texas. I'm now part of the fifth Circuit,
02:38
and what you'll have is at the very basic level. You'll have the
02:43
U. S District Court,
02:46
and it will be the District Court for the
02:49
whatever region of the state, or it may be in some cases like Colorado. The District Court for Colorado.
02:58
Um, in the case of where I grew up in Miami, I was in the Southern District Court of Florida.
03:05
Um,
03:06
and I currently now reside in the Southern district of Texas.
03:14
So,
03:15
uh,
03:16
so
03:19
it's important to know which circuit court you're part of or which circuit you're part of.
03:24
After the district courts, you have the Circuit Court of Appeals
03:29
and those were going to sit in specific cities.
03:31
So, for example, in the 11th Circuit,
03:35
the Circuit Court of Appeals sits in Atlanta, Georgia.
03:42
In this video, we covered the US Constitution's establishment of the court system.
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