Testing Methodologies

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Time
7 hours 15 minutes
Difficulty
Intermediate
CEU/CPE
8
Video Transcription
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>> Hi there, and welcome back to our next lesson,
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which is Testing Methodologies.
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In this lesson, we'll be covering
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testing classifications,
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the different types of testing you'll encounter,
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some issues regarding software testing,
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the importance of data integrity testing,
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application system testing, and the IS auditor's
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role in the information system testing process.
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Let's begin. To probably
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stay in a little bit of the obvious
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testing methodologies is the
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integral to information systems implementation.
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Information systems are complex
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and it is quite easy throughout
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the implementation process as the end result may not
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necessarily meet the requirements of the system itself,
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and so test to
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determine the validity of
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the implementation are fairly important.
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As an IS auditor, you need to understand
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the applications of these various forms of testing
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and also understand how
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to do quality assurance monitoring and
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evaluation to contribute to
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the quality of the internal processes.
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Testing classifications, so we have a unit testing,
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which as the name would suggest,
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is testing a particular subset of the system itself.
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We have interface or integration testing,
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which tests how the various components
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of the system talk to
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one another or even integrate with
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the rest of the system
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that they're being introduced into.
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We have system testing,
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which tests the entire system,
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and also finally, acceptance testing,
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which is ensuring that the users are happy and
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satisfied and the requirements
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of the system have been met.
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The other types of testing you're likely to encounter.
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We have Alpha and Beta testing
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commonly used in software which represents
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small subset groups or
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limited releases of the software at
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different stages of development to
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a certain population of the user base.
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We have Pilot testing,
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which is a designated group of users
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who are picked to test the actual product itself,
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white box and black box testing,
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which is looking at testing from the perspective of
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knowing what's within the system
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and also not knowing what's within the system.
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Function and validation testing to ensure that any of
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the functions are producing
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the end results in terms of the output data.
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Regression testing, which is
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testing any changes that have happened
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to a given system so if is an upgrade or patch produced,
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regression testing will ensure that
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those changes haven't had
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a negative effect on the system as a whole.
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Parallel testing, in particularly
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in introducing new systems,
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you can basically run
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a new system parallel with the old system to
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determine the results and to ensure that the output
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is valid and sociability testing.
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In software testing, you basically
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identify specific portions of the system to be tested.
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Software is very complex and you're not
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going to necessarily tackle it as a whole,
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so you need to break it down into smaller components.
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From that, you're likely to
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get a number of different defects,
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ranging from minor,
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significant to critical to security-related.
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There need to be categorizations in
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terms of what the defects are found.
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Data Integrity Testing is looking at
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the actual data itself
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rather than the system or
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the system and how it uses the data,
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so ensuring that the relations and
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the references are all maintained to
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the various different datasets and each of
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the integrity requirements meet the acid atomicity,
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consistency, isolation and durability tests.
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Now for Application System Testing,
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there's a few methodologies there.
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Things such as snapshot, mapping,
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tracing and tagging,
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base case system evaluation, parallel operation,
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again integrity testing facility,
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parallel simulation, transactions selection programs,
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and embedded audit data collection.
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As an IS auditor,
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What's your role in this information systems testing?
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Well, basically it's to review any test plans
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for completeness to ensure that the tests
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being conducted are comprehensive and are likely to
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address all potential critical aspects of the system,
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reconcile the control totals and converted data.
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If we are talking about
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data in the new system and show that
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the actual outputs as their expected.
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Review any error reports,
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so anything where something has gone
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wrong, verify cyclical processing,
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verify the accuracy of
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critical reports and outputs so making sure that the data
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is processed as is expected, interview end-users,
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so ensuring that the end-users are happy or at least
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able to work with the system and it's giving
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them the functional requirements that they need,
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review any parallel tests,
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results for accuracy,
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verify that the system security is functioning,
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which is obviously a fairly critical aspect,
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review any of the units in the system test plan,
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review the user acceptance testing,
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and review procedures for
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recording and follow up for errors.
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It's one thing to record them,
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but we also need to make sure
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that there is a process that
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sound and robust enough
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to ensure that these areas are fixed.
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That is basically testing.
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We've covered the different types of
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testing classifications and the types of testing.
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We've talked about software testing,
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data integrity testing a little bit on
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the application system testing and what the role of
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the IS auditor is in information system testing.
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Thanks for listening and
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I will see you at the next lesson.
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