Identify Control Assessment Processes and Procedures

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Course
Time
5 hours 25 minutes
Difficulty
Intermediate
CEU/CPE
6
Video Transcription
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>> Hello again and welcome to
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the HCISPP certification course with Cybrary.
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Identify control assessment process and procedures.
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My name is Shalane Hutchins,
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>> and I'll be your instructor today.
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>> In this module, we will cover
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assessment procedure requirements
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>> and framework mapping.
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>> To aid in ensuring
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security and privacy requirements are met,
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many organizations adopt control frameworks
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to provide a governance program that is consistent,
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measurable, standardized, comprehensive, and modular.
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Let's review each requirement.
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A governance program must
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be consistent in how information,
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security, and privacy is approached and applied.
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If two similar situations or
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request results in different outcomes,
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stakeholders will lose faith in
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the integrity of the program and its usefulness.
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In many larger organizations
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with multiple business units,
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it is sometimes challenging to promote
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a consistent risk management
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>> process across multiple BUs.
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>> Communication must be consistent and
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the process must be explicitly defined.
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It takes a team of people to
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ensure that everyone is on the same page.
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Additionally,
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some program management organizations could
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assist the risk management function
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in getting this accomplished.
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The governance program must provide a way to
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determine progress and set goals.
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Organizations who implement frameworks
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that can be measured are
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more likely to improve their
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>> security posture over time.
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>> Most control frameworks contain
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>> an assessment standard or
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>> procedure to determine compliance
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and in some cases, risk as well.
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One way to measure progress is to maintain
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metrics on the results
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of risk assessments that are performed.
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How many corrective actions or
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remediation plans have been
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completed for the different control areas?
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As activities are completed,
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the risk posture shifts and changes.
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As trends develop,
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they can be utilized to help
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strategic leaders make more informed decisions.
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As with measurable above,
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a controls framework should rely on standardization
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so results from one organization or part of
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an organization can be compared in a meaningful way.
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If risk assessments aren't standardized,
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there's no meaningful way to
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communicate to leaders across
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an organization how their risks are related,
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and how accepting a risk in one area could potentially
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cause harm or create a vulnerability in another area.
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The selected framework should cover
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the minimum legal and regulatory requirements of
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an organization and be extensible to
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accommodate additional
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organization-specific requirements.
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Working with the legal and compliance functions
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of an organization can support in ensuring
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the proper legal and regulatory requirements are built
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into the risk management and risk assessment process.
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A modular framework is
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more likely to withstand the changes
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of an organization as only the controls or
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requirements meeting
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modification are reviewed and updated.
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An example of a control framework is
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the NIST SP 800-53 Revision 4.
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This is a controls framework of
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over 250 controls in 18 categories or families.
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The framework includes the ability to scope and tailor
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controls to an organization's specific mission
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or requirements and is mandatory to be
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used for US federal agencies and their contractors.
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Like NIST SP 800-53,
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ISO 27001 is designed
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to cover organizations of all sizes and types.
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The annex a of ISO 27001 contains
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the controls framework with
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objectives and specifics about each control.
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Now as you remember we discussed in a previous module,
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ISO is a global framework that's been
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adopted by numerous industries in most countries.
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Frameworks often map to each other.
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For example, NIST 800-53
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has been mapped to the ISO 27001 standard.
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While there is considerable overlap,
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there are some areas that are not an exact fit.
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The following chart is
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just a sample of control framework comparison.
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Let's do a knowledge check.
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When similar situations have different outcomes,
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that means the assessment process is not what?
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[MUSIC] Consistent.
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Correct. Next. True or false:
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A framework that is
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measurable improve the security posture over time.
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[MUSIC] That answer is true. One more.
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True or false: A fixed framework is
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more likely to withstand changes of an organization.
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[MUSIC] That answer is false.
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The correct answer is that
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a modular framework will
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withstand changes of an organization.
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Today we covered assessment procedure requirements
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and framework mapping.
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Stay tuned for the next video.
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