Basic IT Literacy Module 5 Introduction
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8 hours 53 minutes
I welcome to domain five off the Conte a IittIe fundamentals class,
and this stays module 5.1, in which company asks us to perform appropriate steps to set up a basic workstation.
Now, what is meant by workstation in this context is a desktop computer set up either for home use or for office use.
So there are some common steps in most in most cases, and that involves installing the brilliance cables that may be required, such as USB cables and power cables, and so on.
We'll also look at
operating system set up now. This course doesn't cover the actual installation on the operating system,
but usually immediately after installation, you're prompted to configure various settings, and that's what we're going to focus on.
Similarly, after installation,
you will want to check to make sure that all hardware devices have installed correctly so we'll have a look at that.
And in some cases you may need to uninstall unneeded software. This is particularly true off computers you buy with the operating system preinstalled if it is already installed. Sometimes the computer vendors add lots off software on there. Much of it is trial software
that you get to try for a few days, and then you're expected to sign up and pay for it.
But if you don't need that software, it's a good idea to remove it, so we'll have a look at that. Remember, it is a security best practice to remove any unnecessary applications, features and so on.
Then we'll have a look at verifying that you are actually connected to the network and you have Internet connectivity.
And although Camped here mentions user accounts in this part of the exam requirements,
we're not covering that in this module because user accounts were covered fairly extensively earlier on in the course.
So let's look at installing cables, first of all,
and there are certain minimum cables you're going to need to set up a workstation.
You obviously need power cables so you can plug it into the mains, and you'll probably need one cable for the computer and another cable for your display monitor.
The only exception to that would be is occasionally you come across all in one piece, ease where
the PC is basically built into the screen.
So it's all one unit, in which case you would only need one power cable.
And then, if you're connecting to a wired network, you're going to need a network patch cable to plug your computer into the network.
And then you may require USB cables. If you want to connect peripherals such as printers and scanners and so on
on the video, cable will have to be used to connect the computer to the display monitor.
Now, some devices have built in cables and plugs, so you don't need a separate cable. For those so obvious examples, the keyboard and the mouse usually are. Have a USB cable attached to them, and you just plug that into the USB ports. Similarly, with devices like Webcams or speakers or microphones,
plug those into the appropriate ports in the desktop computer.
Now, as far as power cables go, the standard power cable for computers looks like that top picture there.
Um, and in some cases, monitors also used the same kind of cable.
But in other cases, you might see any of the cables you see in the lower picture that
any of those might be being used for a particular monitor. So in that case, you'll have to have the right cable, depending on the type of socket that is in the monitor.
So here's the back of a PC. We're ready for all the cables to be put in.
The first thing I want to do is put in the power cable.
I don't worry about it. It cannot be put in the wrong way,
so just push that in firmly. I'm not plugging it in yet. Of course,
Next I'm going to do the mouse. The mouse has a USB connector.
You can see that,
and we're just gonna plug that into one of the USB ports at the back.
USB plugs can only be plugged in one way. They're not reversible. That's why you see me fiddling around, trying to figure out which way it goes.
Now here's the keyboard,
and the keyboard also
has a USB connector,
so we can just plug that into any USB port.
Noticed that this computer still has the old PS two style connectors, purple for the keyboard and green for the mouse, in case you haven't older keyboard or mouse
next, gonna plug in the network cables. So this is an R J 45 connector on the end of a network patch cable, and that just goes into the R J 45 socket at the back of the machine.
Now, if you look carefully, you'll see there are three video ports. There's the B G, a port that's built into the motherboard.
And then there's also a graphics adapter card. So there's the one that's built into the motherboard.
And then down here we have a graphics adapter card with Devi I on G G A sockets.
I'm firstly gonna take a BJ plug on again. This can only go in one way, don't force it
and plug that into the PGA socket.
And then for a second monitor, I'm gonna use the Devi aiport.
So there's the Devi I port, and
here's a Devi I plug
again could only go in one direction. And don't try and force it. You could bend the pins if you're not careful.
And here's my lead coming from the speaker, and that's got a 3.5 millimeter jack on it. This is plugged into the lime green port in the back.
Finally, these cables could get pretty messy, so it's a good idea to get cable ties and just neatly tie them together.
I've got one here for the cables that are basically going up to the top of the desk
and then the two video cables that are gonna be going to the same point where the monitors are. I'm tying those together a swell
when you are laying cables, particularly the power cables. But any kind of cable, really. You have to be very careful that you don't create trip hazards and fire hazards, so
cables really should be neatly tucked away.
If cables have to be laid across the floor,
then you can use the cable
floor cover. That's this device that just sits on the floor on the cable runs through the middle of it, and then it covers that
for other types of cables, there's a variety of solutions to keep them organized and tidy. So these include things like sleeves like you see
that wrap around the cable, and
they keep the cables nice and tight and meat and stop people being able to, you know, trip the trip over them, rip them out by accident on so on.
These sleeves can also be fire resistant to help protect cables from accidental damage
on. If you have a lot of cables running alongside the desk, then you can get understood under desk cable trays that screw into the bottom of the desk and your cables, then sit neatly within those trays instead of dangling onto the floor.
Once you have installed an operating system and we're gonna focus here specifically on Windows
then reboot the machine windows automatically start something called the booby wizard
who be is Microsoft's term, and it stands for the out of box experience.
I mean, basically, that is just the setup program for Windows,
and this will prompt you for the following types off personalization.
It prompts us to which language you're using and work type of keyboard layout you have.
It'll prompt you about date and time information in which time zone you're in.
It will prompt you for your product key and then ask you if you want to activate the system.
Activation is an anti piracy measure, and the product key is not always required, as we will see.
In many cases, you can skip entering a product key on what that does is it allows you to install windows and use it in evaluation boat. Now it'll be fully functional while it's an evaluation mode, but typically that only lasts for 30 days, after which you will then have to enter the product key. If you want to continue using the system,
you will also be presented with the license agreement,
and this is not optional. You have to agree to it. If you don't agree to it, the setup program will not continue.
And then the ruby was. It also prompts you to enable automatic updating so the latest security patches and so on are installed regularly onto your machine.
And that is recommended.
And it'll also prompt you to configure the Windows fireball to keep your
computer protected from attacks coming from the network.
After windows is installed on the computer reboots, you'll be prompt. Presented with this setup screen.
Here, you can choose your
country your language on your keyboard loud,
and on this screen. You could enter your user name,
and it will come up with a default computer name.
You can make the computer name whatever you like, but just make sure it's unique within the network.
On this screen, you could enter a password and also you can put in a password. Hint.
If you forget your password in the future, it will show you the hint on the log on screen.
On this screen, you can enter the product key and choose to activate.
Activation is an anti piracy measure.
You're not required to do this. If you don't, you will get a grace period of 30 days to try out windows. But eventually you will need to enter this information in order to continue using windows.
Unlike the product key, accepting a license agreement is not optional. If you don't accept it, set up will not continue.
On this screen, you can configure automatic updates
full of Microsoft recommended setting of installing all important and recommended updates, only installing important updates or deferring the decision till later, as they ask me later. Option.
Next, you can configure up settings like the date, the time and what time zone you're operating, and
you can choose the time zone. And if necessary, you could modify the date and time
set up, then asks you what kind of network you're connected to.
Ah, home network of work network or a public networks, such as for example, somewhere like Starbucks. This has done in order that the firewall can be configured with appropriate rules.
Once set up is complete and you have locked it. You can change the screen resolution if you want to.
Ah, hire screen resolution packs more onto the screen,
but it makes everything smaller. Text the icons and so on.
If you're getting on in years like I am and you're having trouble seeing, you can set a lower resolution, which makes everything a larger on the screen.