Time
2 hours 58 minutes
Difficulty
Beginner
CEU/CPE
3

Video Transcription

00:02
Hi.
00:03
You are watching Model three
00:05
managing virtual machines. Listen to templates and clothes.
00:11
In the previous video, we've seen how to create a V M from scratch.
00:16
But here's the thing.
00:17
Creating a virtual machine is a lengthy operation.
00:21
It involves mounting and I so image and installing an operating system from scratch. And then you can install applications as you need to in addition to performing many other configurations.
00:33
That's great, actually. But what if you need 20 or 30 such PM's that will be running the same operating system and maybe even the same applications? Well,
00:44
what if, instead, off iterating through this boring and time consuming process, you had these sort of V M bays line that you tweaked to your liking and that you can then copy and paste 20 or 30 times. How awesome would that be?
01:02
Well, I've got good news for you because V Center lets you mass produce virtual machines through two interesting futures called templates and clones.
01:14
Now a clone is a duplicate off a virtual machine.
01:18
You can clone any virtual machine any number of times. Whether it is powered on or powered off.
01:23
A clone is going to include all the files from the original V M.
01:29
So a clone is a full blown Veum itself.
01:33
You can interact with it in much the same way you do with any other regular VM.
01:38
But there's a catch.
01:40
The clone will be identical to the original Veum in every measure
01:45
except for the Mac address. So watch out for I P address conflicts, the guest operating system license and the Security i. D. In case of a Windows machine.
01:55
So they are going to be identical to those in the original via
02:00
To avoid such a scenario, the center gives you the possibility to create a guest operating system customization.
02:07
This will let you change the network configuration off the clone,
02:10
the licensing off the operating system, the operating system machine name and the security i. D. In case of a Windows OS.
02:20
Keep in mind that this customization is available only for V EMS, that front Windows or Lennox guest operating system.
02:29
Now a template is much like a clone, except that it is a master copy but not of'em itself, so you can't interact with it.
02:38
You can't actually power it on or edit its content. It is there to serve as a mould used to mass produce identical virtual machines.
02:49
Let's see how to create a clone and a template
02:52
again. You can clone a virtual machine even when it is powered on.
02:55
You can also create a template off a virtual machine, even if it is powered on.
03:01
We already have a V M named Web where we installed a bond to server. There is no Web service running on it yet, and that's excellent, actually, because if I already installed a Web service and then I cloned this PM, the resulting clone or clones will also contain a Web service.
03:20
Since my Web Veum is a freshly installed limits server, it is a good candidate for creating a template. And then, from that template, I can create many linen server virtual machines and install whatever service I wish on any of'em I choose. Pretty awesome.
03:37
So let's create a template from this BM. We go ahead and right click. The weap Veum
03:43
can choose clone,
03:45
and you can see that there are three options. You can clone this virtual machine toe another veteran machine,
03:50
or you can clone this PM to eat template
03:53
or you can clone this Veum to eat template and then place it in content library, which is a centralized depository inside the center where you can put templates and I s O images.
04:04
So we'll choose the second option. So I want to create a template that I can use later to mass produce. Identical PM's
04:14
now name your templates to something obvious, Then click next. Now choose the SX. I host where your template will live.
04:23
Then choose the data store where the template files will be stored,
04:28
and make sure to choose the thing mode for the disc.
04:32
Now, review the summary and click finish. You can monitor the cloning operation and the recent tasks. It will take a while. So depending on the size of the V and data,
04:44
I will speed up the video
04:46
on, and it's done.
04:48
Now. If we navigate through V EMS and templates stab, you can see your template listed there.
04:55
Now the template has a particularity worth pointing out.
05:00
Let's navigate to the data store where the template resigns on click on the Templates folder and you can see here that there is a file with the thought of E. M. T X extension. This means that this is a template and not a virtual machine.
05:16
If I navigate to the Web VM, for example, there is no such file.
05:23
Remember the Doctor VM t x file indicates that this machine is actually a template and cannot be interacted with like you do with the regular VM.
05:32
Let me show you what I mean.
05:34
If you go back to the V, EMS and templates stab
05:38
and right, click on the template.
05:41
There is no option to power on this template.
05:45
And that's the point. The template preserves the integrity off data it contains. It's like a mold to create other V ums. If you want to edit anything inside the template, you'd need to convert it back two of'em
05:59
and then re converted to a template once again.
06:01
But we can do with the template is create a new V M from it. Let's do that. Click on New Veum from this template.
06:10
Name your V M.
06:12
I will name it database because it will serve as a database later on.
06:16
Now choose to host where your viene will live.
06:19
The data store rate will store its files
06:24
and here you can see that it gives you the possibility to specify a customization off the operating system.
06:31
Remember when you create a V M from a template that two of'em will have exactly the same configuration as the original V M that was used to create the template in the first place?
06:43
If you want to customize the settings, you need to specify a customization profile. We will not do that here. So click next
06:51
review these summering and click finish
06:56
again. You can monitor the operation and the recent mosques. I'll speed up the video,
07:00
and there's our newly created VM. This is much faster than creating a new Veum from scratch
07:09
Pretty handy. I can go ahead and power it on.
07:13
All right, now let's create another VM fromthe same template.
07:17
It is exactly the same process we went through just now.
07:20
I will name the new V M E Mail as it will run an email service later on
07:27
and
07:29
fares our second VM created in no time, you can see the benefit of having a template.
07:34
It is a weapon off mass production.
07:39
Now, One last thing before we finish,
07:41
you can see here that my newly created V. EMS will have the same i p address.
07:46
That's because I did not apply any guest operating system customization.
07:51
I will fix that later.
07:54
You get the point. Thanks for watching and stay tuned as I show you how to create a snapshot off of'em in the next video.

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VMware Foundations

In the VMware Foundations course, students will learn virtualization basics and core concepts, the components and features of the VMware vSphere, and managing virtual machines. Upon completion, students will have a basic understanding of the vSphere.

Instructed By

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Yacine Benbelkacem
IT Trainer and Consultant at CISCO, VMWare
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