Citing External Sources In Word Documents

Practice Labs Module
21 minutes

The "Citing External Sources in Word Documents" module provides you with the instructions and devices to develop your hands on skills in the following topics: Creating Citations and Sources, Creating a Bibliography.

Join over 3 million cybersecurity professionals advancing their career
Sign up with
Required fields are marked with an *

Already have an account? Sign In »



The Citing External Sources in Word Documents module provides you with the instructions and devices to develop your hands on skills in the following topics.

  • Creating Citations and Sources
  • Creating a Bibliography

Lab time: It will take approximately 60 minutes to complete this lab.

Exercise 1 - Creating Citations and Sources

In informal documents, external references are simple: you can insert a hyperlink to a web page or file, or refer to the title of a book or other document. By contrast, academic or professional documents can have formal standards for citing your sources of information. Word allows you to create citations that refer to these external sources, and later to compile them into a central bibliography for the document.

You will learn how to:

  • Create and manage sources
  • Add citations
  • Compile a bibliography
  • Create a table of authorities in a legal document

When you make a formal document, whether it's a school paper or a professional publication, you need to cite external works you used for research. There's nothing to prevent you from just manually adding citations or compiling a bibliography at the end of your document, but Word provides automated tools to make the whole process easier and more accurate. Word can store a list of all your sources, format citations in your preferred style, and assemble a bibliography. You can even insert placeholders for sources, then come back and fill them in later.

Whether you start out using placeholders or not, citations are only useful if you eventually create sources representing books, journals, websites, patents, or other publications they refer to. Once you've added a source to Word's master list, you can cite it from any document you create, and add it to a bibliography.

Commands for adding citations and bibliographies, as well as managing your sources, are located on the References tab, in the Citations & Bibliography group.

Exercise 2- Creating a Bibliography

Once you've made some citations, you can generate a bibliography. Like an index, it's traditionally placed at the end of a document, but you can place it wherever you'd like. An inserted bibliography is a field just like a citation. You can select it to change its format or update it in the same way.

Learning Partner
Comprehensive Learning

See the full benefits of our immersive learning experience with interactive courses and guided career paths.