By: Chang Tan Lister
October 16, 2019
5 Useful Methods of Using a Double TCP-to-Reverse-SSH Tunnel
By: Chang Tan Lister
October 16, 2019
We are covering 5 different ways to use a double TCP-to-Reverse-SSH tunnel productively:
- Remote Access To A Linux Machine at Home
- Remote Access To Your Nessus Web Application Scanner
- Remote Access To A Windows 10 Password Cracking Machine
- Diagnosing ISP outages
- Controlling all of this via your cell phone using JuiceSSH, and even perform penetration tests/red teaming!
Thanks to the aid of an old friend who used to work at Cox, he pointed out that the issue lies “upstream,” that is, the fault of the Internet Service Provider. I will cover creating a reverse tunneled local webpage from the actual cable modem, just for him to take a look at a diagnose the error codes in this article.In the meantime, I managed to find a method to remote-control the Nessus web app scanner by creating a reverse tunnel pointing to host a webpage on my Kali Linux VM locally.All of this is accessible by my phone’s web browser and my favorite SSH client app for Android, JuiceSSH. In other words, I can hack things with my phone strong WITHOUT a NetHunter device.
Now you are going to need the following things:
- A Virtual Private Server with a publicly reachable IP address. I recommend Vultr because of their insanely low prices (throughout all of the remote-controlling of my System76 laptop with my phone, I am ending the month with an invoice of around $3.50) https://www.vultr.com/
- A Linux distribution of some sort. I run a Ubuntu 18.04 host OS with Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) running Kali Linux
- Access to the commands autossh, ssh, socat, netcat, and netstat. Autossh may not be installed, install it with sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install -y autossh)
- Installation of the JuiceSSH app on your Android phone or some SSH client https://juicessh.com/
Building a Tunnel to Remotely Access Your Linux MachineFrom now on, the term VultrJumpServer is referring to the PUBLIC IPv4 address of whatever VPS you spun up with SSH enabled like 188.8.131.52. It could be anything that your provider gave you, but I sure as hell am not given you my jump servers IP.From your Ubuntu 18.04, Host generate your keys
Building a Tunnel to Remotely Access the Nessus Web GUII learned that configuring and installing Nessus is a pain that takes around half a day to configure fully. It dangerously uses up a lot of CPU resources as it’s installing its plugins and completely stalls my Kali Linux VM. Which has four-logical cores assigned to it and 8192MB of RAM allocated to it.Instead, I decided to go outside and get something else done (archery, picking up packages, going to meetings) instead of moping around at home.Now I installed Nessus using the .deb file from this location https://www.tenable.com/downloads/nessus.To install it
Building a Tunnel to Remotely Access Your Windows GPU Password CrackerThis is a recycling of one of my old articles!Previously, we have covered reverse SSH tunneling on a compromised Windows machine to a proxy server with a public IP address that we own to reach the Remote Desktop Protocol Port.Now I just happened to have a spare laptop lying around with a dedicated video card that’s just collecting dust since I bought my new System76 laptop. (I bought it because my previous MSI’s has a BIOS poorly written to support Linux installations)
Reachable with a public IPNow you have many choices of VPS Infrastructure as a Service provider that you can choose from,
- Amazon Web Services EC2 Cloud
- DigitalOcean Droplets
- Google Compute
- A general-purpose and easily configurable proxy server
- A publicly reachable IP
- A means to bypass firewall restrictions on compromised machines during a pentest by constructing a reverse SSH tunnel
- A launch repository for “malware” and pentesting tools such as plink.exe, klogger.exe, nishang (pronounced ni-shong, or “you escalate” in Chinese), No-PowerShell, BloodHound/SharpHound, rpivot.exe (which creates a unique, reversed Dynamic SOCKS proxy rather than the traditional forward Dynamic SSH SOCKS4 proxy, deployable on machines without OpenSSH installed such as older Windows machines)
- A machine with a reachable DNS address for data exfiltration via iodine and dnscat2
Let's separate the two machines as followsTargetBox = The old gaming laptop you want to repurpose as a password cracker (and probably not worth anything else since you are too busy taking the PwK course and the piece of crap is Linux Hostile)JumpBox = The Virtual Private Server with a publicly reachable IP address you are spinning up
TargetBox: Follow this guide to enable RDP on Windows 10https://www.groovypost.com/howto/setup-use-remote-desktop-windows-10/ but uncheck the Allow connections only from computers running Remote Desktop with Network-level Authentication because the rdesktop command is not compatible with Windows’ newer SSP/Kerberos authentication.Check that the service is enabled with the command
TargetBox: Now install the OpenSSH library and Windows Linux Subsystem by following these guides.https://www.howtogeek.com/336775/how-to-enable-and-use-windows-10s-built-in-ssh-commandshttps://www.onmsft.com/how-to/how-to-install-windows-10s-linux-subsystem-on-your-pcThe latter will give you access to the bourne-again shell, which provides you with useful commands such as grep, sort, uniq, cat, and for-loop operations as well as being able to run Windows executables still.
JumpBox: Now configure your remote VPS with a public IP for root-level logins, which is required for the creation of SSH tunnels.First, edit the file
TargetBox: Now from the Windows powershell Administrator command-line
JumpBox: Login to your proxyserver and setup socat to forward port 80 (run as root) to localhost:443Check that 443 has been bound remotely to the JumpBox by logging into it and running the command
List of basic hashcat commands:
Crack unshadowed Linux hashes
Crack NTLM/SAM hashes
Crack NTLMv2 hashes
Crack WPA2-PSK hashesFirst, get cap2hccapx from hashcat-utils:https://hashcat.net/wiki/doku.php?id=cracking_wpawpa2Run the cap2hccapx.exe on your .cap file you got from Airodump-ngThen,
- Connection either hangs or gets rejected (check your IaaS provider’s firewall settings, your internal UFW easy-mode firewall, and your iptables configuration)
- The connection is laggy, with slow mouse and keyboard response (employ compression on the RDP session with the rdesktop -z parameter, if you need to double it up, then change the initial reverse tunnel command with an ssh -CNf with -C to employ compression as well and an optional number from 1 to 9 to dictate level of compression, possible horrible graphics warning!)
- I cannot connect to port 80 on my VPS’s public IP address (in this example, we have a PROXY forwarding from port 80 to 443 on the intermediary proxy server, for remote RDP SSH tunneled connections, you must have a service (that’s why I said using socat) running as ROOT proxying to the reverse SSH bound-port, otherwise, only the local root user of the VPS is able to use the tunnel with rdesktop 127.0.0.1:443
Building a Tunnel to Let a Friend Who Knows About ISPs (Cox Cable) Diagnose Your Internet Issues (dangerous)I only did this for a brief moment in time. It effectively gave my friend who used to work at Cox, full access to the logs of the cable modem (not the router). But the information derived proved useful in determining that my internet outages were actually from UPSTREAM, as in, something went wrong with the Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) or Wide Area Network (WAN).To let my friend see what is going on, I first created a reverse tunnel pointing to my LAN’s cable modem status. For my cable modem, the IPv4 address for the Status Panel webpage is https://192.168.100.1:80, so I had to redirect it to a public IP that is publicly reachable.This time I chose to remotely bind port 4444 on the jump server to my local cable modem Status Panel. Yes, this means through reverse tunneling, you can point the tunnel to OTHER IP addresses and ports within your LAN!
- There is no issue with the router, which is right after the cable modem
- The issue appears to lie UPSTREAM https://pickmymodem.com/cable-modem-t3-and-t4-timeouts-error-messages-and-how-to-fix-them/
- It might be helpful to add a compressor connector to the end of the RG6 Coaxial Cable that plugs into my cable modem to better eliminate signal interference from nearby electronic devices.
Putting It Into Practice: Logging in with JuiceSSH on your Anroid PhoneFirst, install JuiceSSH on the Android Play App Store.In the app, create a new identity. This is basically your auto-login. Your username is your user for the Linux box’s SSHD server. Whatever you use to ssh username@localhost. Then select to enter a password (dangerous) or use an RSA private key instead.Now add a new connection, and enter the IP address and port of your VULTR JUMP SERVER and the port that is redirecting to your home Linux Machine’s SSH listener. In our previous example, I explicitly created an outbound port with socat listening on port 8080, which points to localhost:8443, which then, in turn, leads to my home Linux machine on port 22.Click the checkmark on the top right to save the settings and make sure that you are using the correct identity for connection.At this point, connecting to your home Linux box is as easy as pressing the button, I called it, sshtunnelToSystem76, which is my Linux laptop.If all goes well, you should see this.And then you will drop into the shell, for me, it’s user ctlister that is the username of localhost that accepts the connection.Now I have full control of my laptop with my cell phone. If I wanted to do some penetration testing with my cell phone remotely, like the offsec labs, I ssh root@kali or, more precisely, since the IP address in KVM of 192.168.122.84 is saved on my /etc/hosts file, it is actually ssh email@example.com from this shell.And there you have it. I can do penetration tests and hack WITHOUT having a specific Nethunter Tablet or phone. https://www.kali.org/kali-linux-nethunter/
Switching to Public/Private Key AuthenticationFor safety reasons, you definitely want to switch over to key-based authentication. Remember how we generated both a private and public key with the ssh-keygen command?We can now implement that in JuiceSSH, which accepts only private RSA keys. Simply send the id_rsa file to yourself, for me it is located at /home/ctlister/.ssh/id_rsa. Copy this and email it yourself or something.
Now, you have the ability to
- Push-button login back to your Linux box
- Hack using just your cell phone without rooting it or installing the Nethunter ROM (by remote-controlling Linux machines Hosts and Guests in KVM Hypervisors.
- Run maintenance on your home network