Linux was developed and publicly released by Linus Torvalds in September 1991. Linux is a free and open-source operating system, unlike either Windows OS or macOS. Linux offers multiple desktop and server distros. Typically the Linux OS is employed for cloud and server software. Some popular Linux distros are Ubuntu, Debian, and RedHat Enterprise Linux. Because Linux is free and open-source, it allows end-users to freely alter, utilize, distribute, and publish software code. Open-source licenses such as GNU General Public License and The MIT License permits developers the freedom to modify source code according to their needs.
Some Developers Prefer Linux (Why Linux?)
- Linux is reliable and secure. Programmers and developers are frequently fixing issues, which in turn lessens security risks.
- Linux provides end-users with many distributions (flavors). Users can customize and optimize Linux for their needs. Having the elasticity that Linux provides allows user productivity to increase.
- Linux is free and open-source. Programmers and developers can save money on licenses and software.
- Users can use open-source tools such as Wine to allow Windows applications to run on Linux. Gamers typically use Wine, but there is a large number of productivity tools that are also available in the Wine database.
- Linux users can control their updates. They do not have to be annoyed by update interruptions and rebooting. Installation, compared to Windows, also takes less time.
- Linux runs much smoother and faster than Windows. With Linux, users gain more free space on the hard drive and memory. Less Central Processing Usage (CPU).
- Linux has a broad supporting community, and there are numerous training courses available, such as Cybrary's Fundamental Linux Administration course.
Linux Also Has Bash
Linux offers several shells that a user can pick to utilize. The type of shell a user selects depends on what they are aspiring to accomplish. Some examples are Bourne shell (sh), Korn shell (ksh), and Bourne-Again SHell (bash). Bourne-Again SHell is the result of some of Korn shell and C shell features combined.
The shell can not perform its magic until the end-user types some commands in the command-line interface (CLI). The CLI receives the user's instructions and then handoff those instructions to the shell. Once the shell has received the commands, it reads and translates the user's commands so that the OS can execute the task.
There is no perfect OS. Windows, macOS, Linux all have advantages and disadvantages. Many programmers and developers tend to choose Linux OS over the other OSes because it allows them to work more effectively and quickly. It allows them to customize to their needs and be innovative. A massive perk of Linux is that it is free to use and open-source. Linux OS allows programmers and developers to freely alter, utilize, distribute, and publish their development. There is an extensive database of programming languages that operate on Linux. End-users can use different text editors such as Vim, Atom, and VS Code. Linux also offers tons of free software. Programmers and developers also benefit from being a large community member in fixing bugs, which makes releases more reliable and secure than OSes such as Windows. These are some of the reasons why programmers and developers choose Linux over Windows.
- GNU General Public License
- The MIT License
- Cybrary's Fundamental Linux Administration
- Comparison of command shells
- Bash (Unix shell)