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Cybersecurity Of The Internet Of Drones

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By: Muhammad Bilal

October 19, 2020

There is a modern trend edging towards development in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). UAVs have supported various opportunities and opened paths at an effective cost in the development of technology. UAVs can be considered one of the best solutions in many surveillance areas, such as research, medical, agricultural, and transportation, due to the capability of dynamic reconfigurability, fast response, and ease of deployment.

The main problem in deploying UAVs is link distortion in UAV networking. With the modernization of the Internet of Things (IoT), UAV networking has been given a new terminology called “Internet of Drones” (IoD). The main idea behind IoD is to support UAV-assisted networks to optimize wireless connectivity in areas where the deployment of physical infrastructure is difficult or expensive.


IoD is derived from IoT with a touch of “Drones” while inheriting like-properties. IoD is predicted to become the next success in the UAV Industry. IoD works as a “layered network control architecture,” which enables them in positioning and syncing. These drones combine and form a network among themselves while transmitting and receiving data from each other. IoD is using the Internet via IP addresses to control the drones. UAVs can be implemented in many scenarios, but they face several challenges in implementation, design, and deployment.


The engineering structure of drone communication lacks standards. UAV deployment and path planning are issues to be considered during spectrum allocations, as these have a high impact on energy efficiency. Additionally, these types of communications should be persistent and secure and ultimately offer reliability to the infrastructure. IoD symbolizes the futuristic implementations of technology in daily life. The solution is to support the coordination of UAVs and other issues regarding their communication protocols. IoD emphasizes their data storage and enhances the implementation of algorithmic solutions, which invite implementations inspired by Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence to be used for cooperative patterns in the future.

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Technology Consideration and Demands:

Drone technologies support LoRaWAN, LPWAN, and NB-IoT networks. These technologies enhance the overall impact when combined with IoT. The IoD is evolving with properties as follows:

  • Low cost
  • Small size
  • High reconfigurability
  • Operational functionality
  • Real-time accountability.

We have to keep market trends of IoD in mind. It should support multi-drone communications in a complex network with a great algorithm implemented regarding data gathering and information management services.

Irrespective of the advancements and excessive solutions for drone communications, Security is still a primary concern in IoD as transmissions may involve classified information. These are controlled remotely with the transmission of commands. These commands and control messages are transmitted over different channels and variable transmission rates, requiring considerable effort for management and control.

IoD as a service:

IoD is the technology used for next-generation applications like smart IoT, Airport communications, and cellular networks. IoD has spurred researchers and the market for advancement in this field. IoD traits include smaller fleets with limited batteries that send and receive a large amount of data. IoD allows users to develop the workflow of the connected devices by combining various integrated drones and databases. This includes Machine Learning and Big Data management methods. These algorithms are used to compute diversified data. The next-gen IoD is supposed to be integrated with many 3rd party capabilities and object-oriented services. Furthermore, UAVs support multitasking and can operate in nearly any type of environment. The next-gen IoD should cope with a security solution to mitigate the risks associated with their missions.

Applicable Scenario:

IoD can be used for critical functions. For example, IoD can encourage different administrations for military applications and reconnaissance. IoD works as a bridge between sensors and devices, sent to gather information and data in strategic errands. Furthermore, IoD can be utilized as an airspace allotment interface, which helps explore neighboring military UAVs. IoD gathers the information from the deployed sensors alongside explicit kinds of military hardware. Thinking about the area of utilization and substance, the process of gathering data proves critical and should be inaccessible to hackers.

Attacks on IoD:

The main attack components in IoD are devices, networks, and links. The threats are responsible for the security breach and lead to a big loss in terms of resources, trust, and availability, based on these five types of vulnerabilities, as shown in the figure.


This article on IoD has value. Understanding the concepts of IoD will enable one to be better equipped and understand the functionality in UAVs and drones. If this article interests you, join Cybrary Blog and stay updated with some of the latest technology trends.


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