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Hari Charans profile image
By: Hari Charan
March 31, 2017

HTML Injection Introduction

By: Hari Charan
March 31, 2017
Hari Charans profile image
By: Hari Charan
March 31, 2017

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What is HTML injection?

As you know, HTML is used to design web pages. Yes, you’re right. But what happens if a developer forgets to sanitize the user input. What happens if developers don’t predict when a hacker use the application. Do you know what all could be done if this vulnerability exist? To inject you don’t even need a toolkit. You may deface the site, you may redirect the legit user to a malicious site. You may change the content or images by injecting your own HTML code. But to inject something you need to know the basics of HTML. HTML injection is a bit similar to XSS but the difference here is that you just use plain HTML for injection whereas in XSS you may use script tags with a chunk of JavaScript code.

There are few types of HTML injection. You may see it in bWAPP application which we’ve installed earlier. Don’t worry we will do few exercises a moment later

HTML Injection is categorized into four types:

1. Reflected – GET
2. Reflected – POST
3. Reflected – URL
4. Stored
Before that, I suggest that one to know about HTTP verbs. Without knowing HTTP basics it won’t be much interesting. Click here to know Basic concepts.
I’ll try to keep this interesting as much as I can. We will do few hacks in next articles. Be ready, launch your bee-box VMware and login to the bWAPP app. With this bWAPP, you can try all OWASP TOP 10 vulnerabilities.

I just want to share what I have learned which might help newbies. I'll keep posting articles contributed to the community. If I am wrong or missed out anything then please let me. If I'm wrong I could be corrected.

HTML Injection – Reflected (GET)

Now you know what exactly is HTML injection from my previous article. It’s time to break some code. Once you login to bWAPP, you should see a dropdown ‘Choose your bug‘. Then select HTML injection- Reflected GET and click on Hack button.

HTML_GET
Okay, now examine the fields first name and last name also the URL once you input some text and click on ‘Go‘ button. You should have noticed that first and last name which you’ve entered has been displayed on the screen and URL has those characters in plain text as well. Isn’t it?

GET_01

Now, how do you know whether the form method is a ‘GET‘ or ‘POST‘?
Yes, I read your mind and you’re right. View the page source to know which method is being used. Right click & view page source. Now search for ‘Welcome’. You should see HTML form tag with method=GET. So this says when HTTP verb being used in a form, the user input would be displayed in the URL as well as on the screen.

GET_02

Okay, now it’s time to inject some HTML code in those fields.
Try with “<h2>Your Name</h2>” or “<marquee>HEHEHEHE</marquee>” excluding double quotes lol..!

GET_003

Cool, you’ve successfully injected your HTML code. You can deface your website, also you can dummy login screen where you can capture login details when user input their credentials.

GET_04
Examples: Try this in first name and last name
<a href=”http://itsecgames.com”><h1>Click Here</h1></a>
<h2>bWAPP</h2>

Interesting right? Now try the same exercise by selecting security level ‘Medium‘. Just insert any HTML code in those fields. It didn’t work, right?

GET_06

What happened here? Do you really think developer sanitized the user input and it’s safe from HTML vulnerability? Okay, now just copy your HTML code and encode URL by searching for encodeURL online in google and copy the encoded text. Paste the same in our application first, last name fields. Did it work now?

GET_07

Okay, try injecting by changing the security level to ‘high‘. I can give you one hint, input some text in first and last name field pre-pending with large space (ex:” test”) and notice what happens. You can still break the code. Hint:null character (Alt 255)

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