Ready to Start Your Career?

Cloud+ Outline - Modules 5 and 6

cdoyle 's profile image

By: cdoyle

April 19, 2017

cloud-2Module 5: Virtualization SetupUnit Overview 
  1. Hypervisor
Type 1 vs Type 2 Type 1
  • Loaded as a core
  • Virtual machines loaded on bare metal
 Type 2
  • Operating system installed then VM loaded on OS
    • Both are controlled with a Hypervisor (ESX)
  • Company products only work with a company’s product
  • MAC is proprietary
  • Device will not work with any gear that is not made by
  • Usually requires a license key or subscription
 Open Source
  • Products work with many other products
  • Linux is Open Source
  • Device will work with almost any gear device
  • Usually does not require a license key or subscription
  1. Consumer vs Enterprise
  • Use less operating systems in the network
  • Does not support many users
  • Uses type 2 hypervisor
  • Has more servers and operating systems in the network
  • Created to support many users
  • Uses type 1 hypervisor
 Virtualization Host
  • Hardware-Assisted Virtualization
  • Improves virtualizations
  • Utilizes the hardware of the host PC
  • Hyper-V
  • VMWare
    • Basic Input/Output System (BIOS)
    • Preloaded software from the manufacturer
    • Saved on chip attached to the motherboards
    • Used for a quick save of features on a computer w/o having to discover all settings
    • Central Processing Unit (CPU)
    • Used as the brain of a computer
    • More cores means more functions at a time
    • One virtual PC needs a core
    • Memory
    • Random Access Memory (RAM) quick access memory for the computer to use
    • RAM executes faster than a hard drive (about 17 GB a second vs 6 GB a second)
    • Fast and large RAM provides for a better virtualization host
    • Network Interface Cards (NICs)
    • Allows for a PC to access the LAN
    • Faster NICs give a faster transfer of data
    • NIC typically have a RJ-45 connector that allows the server to share out data to the other hosts
 Virtual Machine
  • Virtual Disks
  • A file that acts as a hard drive
  • Most Virtual DIsks are in a VHD format
  • The VHD size is determined when the files is created in a virtualization program
  • Virtual NICs
  • Used to simulate a NIC for the Virtual Machine
  • Functions as a physical NIC for the machine
  • All components are logical
  • A Virtual NIC is needed for each virtual machine
  • Virtual Switches
  • Functions as a regular switch
  • Allows the user to control packets and traffic in the virtual environment
  • Gives isolation of network switch
  • External
  • Internal
  • Memory
  • Virtual Machine can only use memory that is available on the host
  • Size is set during the build but can be changed at a later time if needed
  • If the host machine does not have enough memory the virtual machine cannot start
  • Storage Virtualization
  • Cluster of hard drive used at a central location
  • The cluster of drives are grouped together for a pool of resources for the network
  • Each cluster has a NIC that allows for multiple host or virtual machines to connect to the storage
Storage Area Network (SAN)
  • Guest Tools
  • Type II addition that allows for additional functions to the virtual experience
  • Modifies the performance of the VM
  • Provisioning
  • Thin-provision
  • Uses only what is needed
  • Small device that functions as a PC
  • Thick-provision
  • Uses all resources
  • A fixed size on the virtual disk
 Module SummaryDescribed HypervisorDescribed Virtualization HostDescribed Virtual Machine  Module 6: VirtualizationUnit OverviewBenefits of VirtualizationShared ResourcesThe cloud provider can provide resources as needed to the customerSharing resources over the cloud provides better efficiency while reducing costs.ElasticityTerm used to give the customer resources looselyA resource pooling is provided that serves multiple cloud customersGives the customer what they need when they needCost savings abilityIsolationSeparation of resourcesSeparates traffic to a particular networkApplications isolation is used to separate the program so that it operates separatelyInfrastructure ConsolidationConsolidating many virtual computers on a single hostUses less power and fewer administrative functionsAllows a company to use less hardware which reduces costs MigrationsTemplates
  • Baselines of a computer or computer’s resources to start a VM
  • Templates provide a set of steps to deploy a fully functioning computer
 Virtual to Virtual (V2V)
  • Migrates a virtual server to a virtual server
  • The OS, data and programs are migrated to the new VMs
  • Can be automated
 Physical to Virtual (P2V)
  • Migrates a physical server to a virtual server
  • The OS, data and programs are migrated to the new VMs
Virtual to Physical (V2P)
  • Migrates a virtual server to a physical server
  • The OS, data and programs are migrated to the new physical server
  • Requires special tools to migrate
  • Mainly used for testing
  • Some application cannot perform on VM, V2P relieves this
 VM Cloning
  • Create copies of the VM
  • Used to make copies of a machine
  • Clones can be identical allowing many copies of the same machine.
Migration Considerations
  • Upgrading
  • Host OS will need to be upgraded
Guest tools
  • VM or Hyper-V might need upgrade
  • Research OS before moving VM
  • Monitor machine before migration begins
  • Clean the system up before migration
  • Plan maintenance before migration
  • Have downtime before migration
  • Have a plan to migrate, milestones
  • Perform test before and after the VM migration is performed
  • Network settings and configuration should be tested
  • Backups need to be tested before and after the migration
  • Reboot the VM and server several times
Unit SummaryDescribed Benefits of VirtualizationDescribed MigrationsDescribed Migration Considerations
Schedule Demo