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cdoyle s profile image
By: cdoyle
April 15, 2017

Cloud+ Outline - Module 3

By: cdoyle
April 15, 2017
cdoyle s profile image
By: cdoyle
April 15, 2017
cloud-3Module 3: Network Structure and ConfigurationUnit OverviewNetwork TopologiesNetwork TypesNetwork OptimizationNetwork Ports and ProtocolsRouting and Switching Network TopologiesBus TopologyRing TopologyMesh TopologyStar TopologyTree Topology Multiple LANs make a WAN Bus Topology
  • Connected in line – any break in line, the network goes down.
  • Must be terminated on ends.
 Ring Topology
  • Connected in a circular pattern, any break in line, the network goes down.
 Mesh Topology
  • Every computer connected to every computer
  • Redundancy, no one computer takes the computer down.
  • Negative is each computer requires as many NICs as computers.
 Star Topology
  • Every computer connects to a central node
  • No one computer takes the computer down.
  • If hub goes down, all network connectivity stops.
 Tree Topology
  • Hierarchical structure
  • Central node for each hub, star connected to a star connected to a star.
 Network TypesIntranetInternetExtranet (Perimeter Network, DMZ) Intranet
  • Private network
  • Created by a company to host internal resources
  • Isolated network
  • Protected by firewalls or proxies
 Internet
  • Global networks of interconnected network devices
  • Not controlled by any organization
  • Networks relying on protocols to send information
  • Commercial and private organization by an IP
 Extranet (Perimeter network, DMZ)
  • Extension of an intranet
  • Allows the organization that created the extranet to share resources outside the intranet
  • Owned by the organization that created it
 Network OptimizationLoad BalanceBandwidthLatencyCompressionCaching Load Balancing
  • Distribute requests across devices
  • Used to lighten the load
 Bandwidth
  • Bandwidth is the speed of the network
  • 10 MB/sec10 MB is the bandwidth
  • 100 MB/sec100 MB is the bandwidth
 Latency
  • Is the time delay while data is being sent (in ms = milliseconds)
  • The higher the latency, the slower the network
 Compressions
  • Shrinking a file
  • ZIP and RAR are common file extension types
 Caching
  • Allows for a storage of frequently accessed data
  • Servers typically have a cache that allows a temp storage of internet files for quick recall
 Network Ports and ProtocolsCommon PortsFTP 20/21 TCP File Transfer ProtocolTelnet 23 TCPSSH 22 TCP Secure ShellSMTP 25 TCP Simple Mail Transfer ProtocolDNS 53 TCP UDP Domain Name ServerDHCP 67/68         UDP Dynamic Host Control ProtocolTFTP 69         UDP Trivial File Transfer ProtocolHTTP 80 TCP Hyper Text Transfer ProtocolPOP 110 TCP Post Office ProtocolNNTP 119 TCP Network News Transfer ProtocolNTP 123         UDP Network Time ProtocolIMAP4 143 TCP UDP Internet Message Access ProtocolSNMP 161/162 TCP UDP Simple Network Management ProtocolLDAP 389 TCP UDP Lightweight Directory Access ProtocolHTTPS 443 TCP UDP Hyper Text Transfer Protocol SecureRDP 3389 TCP UDP Remote Desktop Protocol Routing and SwitchingNetwork Address Translation (NAT)Port Address Translation (PAT)Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN)Routing Tables Network Address Translation (NAT)
  • Allows a network to share one IP in the internet
 Port Address Translation (PAT)
  • Provides many internal devices mapping of a single IP address
 Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN)
  • Virtual LANs to create a logical separation on a physical network
  • VLANs are usually created in a switch
 Routing Tables
  • Tables that are stored on the router
  • Used to route network packets
  • Contains information about the internal network and the next hop
 Unit OverviewDescribed Network TopologiesDescribed Network TypesDescribed Network OptimizationDescribed Network Ports and ProtocolsDescribed Routing and Switching   
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