DHCP is the dominant way of providing end user devices with the information required to connect to your network.In small or midsize environments DHCP is usually provided through the ISR Router.
Steps needed to deploy DHCP
- Define which addresses are going to be excluded.
- Statically configure addresses on Servers and to any device that needs a specific IP address.
- Configure your Router as DHCP relay if a DHCP Server is used or enable the DHCP Service on your router to act as a DHCP Server.
Configuring a DHCP Relay Agent
In case your network has a dedicated platform that provides DHCP services , you should configure on the interface that is the default gateway the command : ip helper-address addressIf your DHCP Server has the 192.168.33.1 address then you should type:Router(config-if)# ip helper-address 192.168.33.1
Configuring a DHCP Server on a Cisco Router
Router(config)# ip dhcp excluded-address 10.1.1.1 10.1.1.9 // excludes the addresses 10.1.1.1 - 10.1.1.9 from being assigned to hosts.Router(config)# ip dhcp pool DHCP1 // Creates a DHCP Pool named DHCP1 Router(dhcp-config)# network 10.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 // Defines the Network that is going to be used to provide addresses , here it will use the 10.1.1.0 /24 subnet .Router(dhcp-config)#default-router 10.1.1.1 // The default gateway is 10.1.1.1 Router(dhcp-config)#dns-server 18.104.22.168 // DNS Server is 22.214.171.124
The previous commands have this effect:
Caution : In order for the DHCP Service to operate you should have configured the interface with an address from the 10.1.1.0 /24 subnet usually the default gateway address 10.1.1.1 /24
- addresses 10.1.1.1 - .9 are not assigned to hosts
- The network range is 10.1.1.0 /24
- The Gateway is 10.1.1.1
- DNS server is 126.96.36.199