Time
8 hours 33 minutes
Difficulty
Beginner
CEU/CPE
9

Video Transcription

00:05
All right, let's take a look at the Windows operating system and different ways to install it.
00:15
So the various steps you need to in general, right
00:20
To get a Windows OS installed, you're gonna have to select some boot method
00:25
for the PC.
00:27
Then you're gonna have to determine your installation type.
00:30
Am I trying to upgrade? Am I trying to
00:34
make a clean the situation?
00:36
This partition configuration? Am I going to use the disk that's already partitioned? Am I gonna re partition the disks
00:45
final system him? I'm gonna use fat and T. F s or something else.
00:52
And third party device drivers do I have unusual system where I need to actually get 1/3 party driver and run it in during the install.
01:03
And then once I've done the install
01:06
A to the end of the install on, we're going to set the system variables. Am I going to be in the d'Alene or language? Dry run? What kind of keyboard? What kind of inputs
01:15
then do system updates because whatever you're installing from probably doesn't have the most current Microsoft updates.
01:23
And then once the system's all stable, configuring, migrate
01:26
or my great, the user's headings and resource is. So
01:30
let's take a look. Boot operations
01:34
the most common boot operation. Most individuals work with his optical media,
01:38
either a CD or a DVD, which means you need to see the your DVD player. That CD or DVD player can be internal or external. I work with some systems now that actually don't have DVDs in them any longer.
01:53
And one of the options is to accept
01:57
Mountain external DVD via a USB drive.
02:00
And at that point, if you're putting in DVD
02:05
drive in via USB, then you're not booting via USB. You're still booting the DVD.
02:14
If you look at the difference for a USB boot, you actually have to create a bootable USB
02:21
thumb drive from a DVD or a nice O phile.
02:23
Um,
02:24
there are a number of ways to do this. I enlisted the authorized Windows method
02:31
on the screen.
02:32
They do have a DVD download tool, and it will make the USB bootable. But there are other people who create similar tools.
02:43
You need a bootable dr
02:46
and then you are also going to have to
02:50
in most cases
02:52
set the boot order in the PC so that the P C will look for wherever you bootable Dr ISS. It wants to discover that drive before it discovers
03:02
the main hard drive if it discovers the main hard drive first and something's already installed that it'll run that
03:10
previous system and won't install your new system.
03:14
If you have the C drive
03:17
discovered first, and there's no installation there in many cases, the system was this. Halt there and say no operating system.
03:28
So optical and USB are two methods you can use to install individual machines.
03:34
If you're looking for amore enterprise method,
03:37
the more enterprise method would be to do a pixie
03:39
or pre boot execution environment. P X E
03:44
and the concept of a pixie boot is at the very
03:49
high level. The system
03:52
cranks up the target machine. Do you wanna have the OS and stall on it comes up.
03:58
It gets an I P address.
04:00
It gets an address for a pixie server.
04:04
It contacts the pixie server. The pixie server sends the operating system over the
04:10
never cables
04:12
operating system loads up
04:15
either
04:15
into virtual memory, real memory or on hard drive.
04:20
And then from that load,
04:24
the system actually installs itself
04:28
So I gave you the
04:30
steps here again from a
04:33
Microsoft authorized way of doing it.
04:38
That's not the only method. There are a number of different ways to get pixie images up on different
04:44
on a pixie server and loaded to the client.
04:46
But this is the Microsoft structured way to do it.
04:50
But the goal is in the end. Three. You can Buddhist system without having to bring
04:57
a
04:58
USB or a DVD to it. You could just booted little load. It's also really nice for a mass installs if you get If you're a large operation and you get to next 300 workstations in,
05:12
you can just have him on a table in a room,
05:14
dropped 30 or 40 machines at a time, turn him on
05:17
having pixie boots. They all get their operating system and go on to the next 30 or 40 machines and have the whole thing be hands off.
05:26
It does take a lot more effort. If you look at the steps on the screen, you're talking about setting up a pixie server.
05:33
Mountie images to the pixie server getting a T f T. P route.
05:39
Copying files around,
05:41
um,
05:43
getting on local
05:45
boot script on the host machine,
05:48
and then it works.
05:50
So if you're doing one or two
05:54
easier to do with the USB or DVD, if you're doing one or 2000 and pixies definitely
06:00
worth looking at
06:04
desolation type,
06:05
are we doing the clean install or an upgrade?
06:10
If we do a clean install, then
06:14
the system's gonna be pristine.
06:15
But it also will. If there was information on the drives before and you were trying to transfer it over, it's going to be gone
06:23
because it's gonna wipe and reformat the hard drives.
06:27
If you're doing an upgrade installation, then it has to be authorized. And there are
06:32
list available in this class and on Microsoft that show you what's unauthorized. Upgrade which ones will work. Which ones won't
06:41
and only two fellow those lists, and you'll be fine
06:44
if you do the upgrade installation than in most cases, you're going to retain
06:48
the data files, you're going to retain the settings, and you're also going to retain the applications.
06:56
So an upgrade is preferable for a lot of people who want to not have to reinstall everything, and they're working on the same hardware and just upgrading the operating system
07:06
manual or unattended installation
07:10
manual situation.
07:12
You have to have
07:14
screen available, and you have to have a keyboard input.
07:18
He was unattended than the screen or the keyboard. Inputs have all been pre scripted,
07:26
and you took the time to create the pre scripting
07:30
so that you wouldn't have to stand there to watch the machine
07:32
again. If you're doing a single installation manuals, probably easier. If you're doing hundreds or thousands, then you can look at the unattended. Has a much smarter way to go
07:43
single boot in multi boot installations.
07:46
Um,
07:47
when Windows installs the first thing it does.
07:50
Is it
07:53
modes? E N T. L D R and unloads a boot
07:58
file.
08:00
The boot file tells what to boot.
08:03
If he only has one option, which is how most people see their machine. They don't know that the boot I and I file is going to stop and determine what's the valid operating system.
08:15
If you have more than one operating system, you can make the boot file give you a selection window at that point
08:20
so you could decide on the same system. I could be running Vista and Windows seven
08:28
and when I first boot the system up, it could present me with a menu of saying, Which one do I want to boot
08:35
if you do a multi boot installation?
08:37
Generally speaking,
08:39
you're going to install the oldest operating system
08:41
1st 2nd operating the newest operating system last
08:46
because the newest operating system will overwrite
08:48
There, you
08:50
boot files
08:52
to make sure that the most current boot files there last
08:54
and are the ones still on the hard drive.
08:58
The other thing to decide is
09:01
where you going to store the data?
09:03
Because each operating system will have its own
09:09
folder or its own partition Ear's own volume
09:11
for its operating system
09:13
worthy. You have separate data stores or whether you allow both operating systems to talk to the same data store is a matter of the operating system itself. And your preference,
09:26
lastly, is a custom image.
09:30
Customer was just coming to forms one form of custom images. You may have a manufacturer supplied image
09:37
the manufacturers supply The maids like an O am disc,
09:39
may already have all of the unique drivers
09:43
available on that desk, so that
09:46
when you use that desk, you don't have to look for external third party drivers because the third party drivers already put in.
09:54
You can also make your own custom image if their particular drivers you want to use, or particular features or files that you wanna automate on the install that you can
10:03
include with. The image in that process is called slip streaming
10:09
so you can slipstream items in and create a custom image
10:13
that means you have less work to do after the install
10:24
disc partitioning.
10:24
Yeah,
10:26
hard drug management is something you have to be concerned about. You need to know how you're going to set up the drives on your system.
10:33
Um, at the one end.
10:35
If you have multiple drives, then you could concern yourself with whether you're going to run, raid, redundant, a raving, expensive discs,
10:45
and you can run generally speaking, Raid zero raid one rate five.
10:50
There are other options, but 01 and five of the most common.
10:56
If you're not gonna run raid, then
10:58
you either have a single disk or you have multiple disks and you're going to treat them as multiple individual discs.
11:07
We're going to determine the partition type that you're going to use. There's a basic partition versus the dynamic disk.
11:13
A basic partition is the court unquote traditional way to deal with drives,
11:18
and it's easy. It's just drive as an individual dr
11:22
and treats each drive
11:24
and the activities on that drive as unique just to that Dr.
11:30
So if I format to the hard drives, Dr C and Dr Beach would have its own format,
11:35
and he should have their own partition.
11:39
If you run dynamic discs
11:41
dynamic disk, you can make Dr Pools
11:45
and below the line between isn't one hard driver. Multiple hard drives,
11:50
dynamic discs support raid the support multiple dr.
11:54
In most cases, they don't support booting. So even if you want dynamic discs, you most people end up having one disc has the boot disk.
12:05
So they didn't I was to boot up,
12:07
because if the dynamic drives dynamic discs are set in windows until Windows loads, it doesn't notice how to read the dynamic desks.
12:18
So once you got the volume set up, then you have to worry about your partitions,
12:24
and we have primary partitions, extended partitions, logical partitions.
12:30
Um, for the most part, a drive can have in the Windows world a maximum of four partitions.
12:37
Those four partitions can be primary or extended
12:43
if you make primary partitions.
12:45
Primary partitions can be made bootable
12:48
If you make extended partitions, extended partitions can hold low multiple logical drives.
12:56
So if I If I have four partitions and they're all primary, then I can have four disks. I can call them C, D E and F,
13:07
and they would always exist. Not one physical disc
13:11
has four different partitions.
13:13
If I use extended partitions,
13:16
then I could do
13:18
three.
13:18
It has an example. Three primary partitions,
13:22
and we'll make those partitions C, D and E.
13:26
Then, if I may, the fourth partition extended.
13:30
I could make four more logical drives in it
13:33
and have F, G, H and I all in the fourth partition.
13:39
Why you would do one of those things versus another is depending. A lot on security might be dependent on the number of drives you have, and other particular things that might involve multiple boots might involve
13:56
different applications and requirements they would have.
13:58
In the vast majority of cases, you're going to have one or two partitions on a single Dr,
14:05
and that's what most client operating systems will look like
14:09
with
14:11
bit locker.
14:11
You're gonna have a minimum of two partitions for
14:16
Windows Vista and for Windows seven
14:28
file system options.
14:31
Um,
14:31
we talk
14:33
about hard drives, and the drives aren't stored as one big bucket. What happens is for the computer to be able to go back and retrieve or write the information
14:48
onto a disk. It needs an address that the information is being written to. That address is done by a file allocation table
14:54
and fact, or fat 16
14:58
was the default file allocation table all the way back to M s. DOS
15:03
still gets used today still has used today for thumb drives can be used for operating systems, although because it was size movement, it is falling out of favor
15:13
because of the size limitations. Fat 16
15:16
waas
15:18
upgraded to a new version of fat called fat 32
15:22
Bath 30. To handle larger Dr Sizes.
15:26
Both that 16 of fat. 32. Neither of them have any security levels on the
15:31
Excuse me, you can't have user base security on files or folders,
15:37
and they don't have the redundancy in the file allocation tables
15:41
that you can have an anti F s
15:43
which is the reason Microsoft went in T F S and N. T. F s is
15:48
now the file system of choice
15:52
for all of their operating systems.
15:54
It's more redundant. It has filed level security years, your level security.
16:03
And in most cases, that's what people want is
16:07
are There is another file system released for Windows seven.
16:11
It's called Extended Fatter Expat.
16:14
It's Microsoft proprietary and targeted for flash drives,
16:18
and the final one is C. D. F S
16:22
and C B. F s is primarily used for optical media CB file system.
16:27
There may be some cases where you want something to act like a CD, and you would take a non CD like a flash drive
16:34
and fork
16:37
formatted in C. D. F s. But those are unusual corner cases.
16:47
Third party drivers.
16:51
Third party drivers are in
16:53
a sometimes necessary evil in the Windows world because Windows doesn't know all possible hard words you could be running from,
17:02
and therefore it can't make a drive
17:06
driver for everything.
17:08
If you notice where the picture here is stopped,
17:11
the picture here is stopped looking at hard drives,
17:17
and this happens in all operating system. There may be a
17:22
drive controller card. The Windows doesn't have an appropriate driver, for
17:27
If that's true, this is where it will stop. If you were in Windows X, P would fail. At this point, I got to go back and start over again,
17:34
and when you started the install over again, they would tell you to press half six
17:40
so that it would pause, too,
17:41
and give you an option to load the driver in
17:45
In Vista and Windows seven. They've replaced the F 16 that whole process of having to do things twice
17:52
with a gooey based system that now, if it finds hard drives that you can't talk to because of the missing driver, it brings up this screen
18:00
and you have an option to click and add the driver in the same install process.
18:08
Ah, third option we talked about for slip streaming. If you're going to do this hundreds of times, then I would take that third party driver and slipstream it into a custom
18:21
install disk so that it's already available on the install disk and doesn't have to be manually added
18:32
system variables.
18:33
Once the operating system has finished installing and sell, it gives you the screen back, and now you're beginning to set up
18:41
the system variables
18:44
after the initial install
18:45
biggest decision or one of the biggest decisions is Are you running? This is a work group,
18:49
whores. They're going to join an enterprise domain.
18:55
If you tell him to join the domain, then you're going to need
18:59
privilege, a privileged access to the d'Alene, or you can actually
19:03
joined that system to the domain.
19:06
Normal users can join up to 10 machines to a domain.
19:10
It takes an enterprise admin or a Delaine admin to join an unlimited number of machines to the domain.
19:18
Other things include region and language
19:21
and regions going to help set time zone and daylight saving time issues. Language is obviously going to control.
19:27
Uh,
19:30
the display language on the system and the way it's gonna interact with the keyboard Has someone not all languages used the same keyboard type?
19:40
Other options?
19:41
Do you need a handicap accessibility? Do you have unique input devices and basically anything else that's needed to allow that user to perform the job they're supposed to perform with
19:52
that particular computer?
20:00
So after the installation, you've got all the custom drivers in, You've got all the custom. Everything in now is the time to run Windows updates.
20:10
Windows update will come in,
20:11
should do all the appropriate updates for the operating system and may also provide updates for drivers or some of the other unique features that you added on
20:23
in this stunning Windows seven. There's a Windows Update button
20:29
in the application screen.
20:30
If there's Windows X P, you can run it by doing update down Microsoft dot com.
20:36
If you try to do update down Microsoft dot com on Vista or seven will tell you that that's not acceptable and you have to go use the update button
20:48
after the updates are done. Then you can finish putting in user settings, applications, profiles, preferences.
20:55
You may find additional heart software you want to add.
20:59
That's non Windows software or more Windows software.
21:03
And probably at the end you go back and one more time we're on the updates until you run updates and get there on answer back. That says no more updates are needed

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