Now let's practice. Let's
recognize some off the TCP I p tools Some of the TCP I p commence that helps in trouble shooting the network and in ah, determining the i p addresses off the machines and the domain names off the Web sites and so on.
Let's start by this command, its I p config. Let's try this command. Now, how do we try this command? I p config And what could be it could be its output.
I p config is used if we type it here on the command prompt. It
is used to determine the i p address the physical address that Gateway address the Summit Mosque and other addresses all the TCP i p configuration off the machine
If we type i p config
we get more configuration in details about the TCP I p configuration off all the Ethernet guards and the WiFi cords existing on a certain machine laptop or
ah, PC or any other machine that we need to know its i p address.
It's Gateway or its Deanna's that is resolving the meanings for it or its gateway. The router that is connected to this machine tow connect it to the Internet.
The second command that we need to know about is the Ping Command.
Ping Ping stands for packet Internet dropper. We can access the help of this command that manual of this command by typing King minus question mark,
here is the help. Here is the manual off this comment. For example, if I type now paying
I'm testing the connectivity between my machine and yahoo dot com. Either I get a reply, which means that I am connected or I get a request timed out that which means that I'm not connected to such machine
followed by an I p address and being followed by a domain name
I can typing for a domain name
followed by the switch minus T,
which means that I need a tow
execute and interrupted an uninterrupted ping
number off packets and sends to me the reply
until I press control, See to stop this operation here. I'm connected to google dot com and the request the ICMP request packets send by this command is replied by
the ICMP replying that is
appearing on the CME the screen.
I can specify the number of packet sent by my machine. Tow the distillation machine. I need to pink, for example. I can typing minus and six. Www dot google
not come, Which means I need only tow. Send six packets and see the reply. Only
six and then it stops.
Ping has so many switches. If I need to know all the switches off the ping command and need to know more about them, I can typing minus question, Mark, and go on and see these switches and its usage and try to use them one by one.
The other command that I want you to know about is the argument our abstinence for address, resolution protocol. And as we have said before, our is the resolution protocol resolving the logical address into physical address resolving the i P address in tow. Mac, address
If I type r minus question Mark, I get the help or the manual off this command and can read the usage off this command,
the most popular usage is
to display the AARP cash off a certain machine here. We can have the Internet address
and the physical address corresponding to it that our store, the inside the AARP, cash off this machine and used for the resolution between the I. P and the physical address. This is a Mac address. This is an I P address. Both are used for the resolution
between logical and physical, and both are stored in the our cash off this machine,
our command once more,
can be used by several switches. You can have a look at our minus question mark to know the usages off such switches.
make your machine act as an FTP client. If you type the command FTP,
and then waits for the connection between your client machine and FTP that Microsoft dot com
It may ask you about
user name and password. If you supply them in a correct way, then you log in in tow. The ftp that Microsoft dot com
Toe download files from this FTP server to your client machine
toe. Get some files through the command, get
and then type the file name and you can upload some files through the command Put and then type the file names and buy this. You can upload some files from your machine, tow the server machine and you can type L s. Which means that you want to list their contents off the FTP server
that you are connected to
FTP session. You just typed by and then end this FTP session.
Another command that we need to know about is an ASL Look up
and as look up is a very useful command in determining the i p address corresponding to a certain domain name. For example, if I type here www dot google
the I P addresses connecting corresponding toe google dot com
and connecting them. Tow my machine.
domain name, I can get the corresponding I p address and vice versa. If I can type an I p address, I can get the fully qualified domain name for this I P address toe exit from this command. I simply type exit. Another command that we need to know about is that state
minus question. Mark shows the manual and the help of this command with many switches that can be used, that state is usedto display their current connections of any machine. For example, if I type Nets state minus and
I can see the machines that I'm connected toe
through the I P address off my machine, the i p address off the foreign machine, the connection protocol and the status of this connection
I can also type that state minus A to display the same connections in the form off I P address on my machine domain name off the connected machine and the status of the connection.
That state is very useful in determining and in
ah specifying the connections that are connected to my machine in a certain
after this, after this
commands has been listed, we can go through them.
Here is the ping minus T minus and minus our miners w minus t for uninterrupted being Madison for specifying certain that number off packets My pink manners are
for the out count, and Pittman is W for the time outs but spanked them out. Here is the output off an arms cache of a certain machine using the art minus a command
here is using the FTP comment To connect to an FTP server, you can you use open a less CD bin, get em get put by These commands can be tried on the FTP session and as look up to resolve the D. N s into the
that the domain name in tow i p address Using the d n A system out. This command
is used to print the routing table for a certain machine
route print, for example, this place
the routing table for any machine that
displaced the routing table off the machine that
this command is typed on the routing table and its components has been previously explained. And this is a simple routing table that you can have a look on.
This is the destination network. This is the sub Net mosque, the gateway, the interface and the metric or the coast.
Just review the section speaking about the routing table, and you can see these columns as the components off the routing table.
we come to the estate once Morgan estate minus eight in a state Manus and and that state Mon SP shows the connections with the name off the protocols that state minus p, for example, and then spasticity shows the connection's made through the TCP Protocol. Only
through this machine, where you type this comment.