Welcome back to Microsoft Azure Fundamentals. This is module 12 monitor costs and control expenses in Azure.
In this module, we will first look at the ways to purchase azure services and how the billing is done.
Then we will see how we can estimate the costs. Using Azure is pricing calculator.
After that, we will explore tools that help us monitor our spending on Azure. We will also learn how to calculate the total cost of ownership for migration.
At the end, we will discuss strategies to save on costs.
before we look at cost management and optimization and azure. Let's take a look at the different ways you can purchase azure services.
There are three ways you can purchase as your services.
The standard way to purchase Azure is through the azure website. It's called Web Direct, or you might have heard it called Pay As You Go
Web direct customers pay retail prices for services and are built on a monthly basis.
If you're an enterprise and plan to deploy many applications on Azure, you can sign an enterprise agreement with Microsoft.
In this agreement, you commit to spending a certain amount per year and pre pay the amount up front for the entire year.
Although this can be a significant investment, you can benefit from the customized pricing that as your offers and purchase services at a significant discount,
you can purchase enterprise agreements from authorized distribution partners.
One last way to purchase Azure services is through a cloud solution provider.
Those are Microsoft partners who can sell Azure and other Microsoft products and services.
Quite often, those are bundled with additional services from the partner, for example, managed services.
It doesn't matter how you purchase azure.
The way the bullying is done is the same
when you provision a resource on azure. The platform creates the so called usage meters for the resource.
Each meter tracks particular usage.
for azure read access globally distributed storage blobs you may have the following meters
Hot R. A. G. R s data stored that keeps track of the data stored in the blob.
Hot R A. G. R s write operations that keep track of the rights under the blob
Geo replication V two Data transfer keeps track of the data transfer during replication.
There is a meter for all other operations
in addition, you may also have data transfer out if you read data from this blob outside of azure
at the end of the billing cycle. The usage is charged to your subscription payment method and the meters are reset.
You can download your usage at any time from the azure portal.
The most important thing to remember is that you are charged based on a usage.
If you have resources that you don't need, you should terminate them.
But be careful because there is a difference between stopping resources and terminating them.
For example, if you stop a VM, you won't be charged for the compute hours, but you will still incur charges for the storage disks.
There are several factors affecting the cost of your services.
Different resource types have different costs, as well as different usage meters applied.
The way you purchase resources also impacts the costs.
As we mentioned the enterprise agreement, prices can have discounts.
This price differs from the Web direct and the CSP prices.
Also, if you purchase third party products from the azure marketplace, you'll be paying not only for the azure resources but also licensing or subscription fees for the third party applications.
Location of the resources also plays a role in the pricing.
Different locations have different infrastructure costs, like electricity, cooling and local taxes that can impact the resource pricing.
And last but not least, band with pricing depends on the so called azure billing zones.
Inbound data transfer, also called ingress, is normally free.
Outbound data transfer, also called egress, is charged according to the billing zone.
The building zone is a grouping of azure regions for billing purposes.
Here is the grouping as your uses
for most zones, the first five gigabytes of egress data is free.
Now you know how you can purchase azure and how the billing is done.