Time
2 hours 38 minutes
Difficulty
Beginner
CEU/CPE
3

Video Description

This section concerns data backups, which is an extremely important issue and one that should hit close to home if you've ever experienced a hard drive or computer failure in your own life. It's even more vital for a large organization with many moving parts. Backups concern redundancy for data in the event of a hardware failure. You need to get the data back! In this section, we cover the main types of backups, the behavior of the file archive bit for each, as well as the trade offs regarding speed cost of backing up versus restoring. - Full backup - everything is backed up on a regular schedule regardless if anything has changed. The archive bit is reset upon each backup. - Incremental backup - everything that has changed since the last full backup is backed up. The archive bit is reset. - Differential backup - all files that have been modified since the last full backup are backed up. The archive bit is not reset. - Copy backup - same as a full backup but archive bit is not reset. This form is typically used for unscheduled backups and is used to prevent interfering with the regularly-scheduled daily backups. We conclude the section by examining the time expense incurred for each type of backup. A full backup is the quickest to restore with incremental being the slowest. The differences between each type of backup are subtle and may require reviewing a few times. It's important to understand the differences for the exam, especially how the archive bit is treated for each type.

Video Transcription

00:04
now, another super important idea when it comes to the world of redundancy is providing redundancy for a data. So we normally think about backing up our data to tapes or some other form of media. So ultimately, if you have a hardware failure, we want to get our data back.
00:22
Now they're several different types of backups and these air always testable. Ah, you have a full incremental differential and copy. Now full backup is the easiest to understand.
00:35
A full backup just couldn't back up everything. That's easy enough
00:39
now. The incremental backup is used in conjunction with the full,
00:44
so uninterested a ll backup is gonna back up everything that's changed since the last backup of any kind. So we do a full backup on Sunday. Monday's incremental backs up. What changed since Sunday.
00:57
Tuesday's incremental backs up with change since Monday,
01:00
Wednesday's incremental backs of what's changed since Tuesday, so that when we do have to do restore, we have to restore the last full and then each day's incremental sze now differential backs up, which changed since the last full backup.
01:17
So you do your full back up on Sunday Monday, things change the differential backs up, which changed on since the full on Sunday. Tuesday backs up what's changed since the full on Sunday.
01:32
Wednesday backs up with change since the full on Sunday. So when you have to do a restore and you've done differentials, you only have to restore to tapes. Definitely testicle. So the idea is, Do I want to save time backing up or doing a safe time? Restoring the quickest restore is gonna be the full
01:49
right. The slowest for store is gonna be the incremental because we have to do the full and then every single day. So, you know, those were some ideas. Now the way this is determined at least in Windows system is there's a bit called the archive bit
02:06
and the archive. It's like a little flag that when a file change, that archive bit pops up and says, Hey, I've changed back me up.
02:15
So when we do that full backup on Sunday night or whatever, all the archive bits air cleared. It's like they've been mowed down.
02:23
Hey, and Monday morning we come in, files start to change. Well, the flag pops back up
02:29
Monday night's incremental wipes all the flags as well clears the archive bits. So Monday night incremental is done. All the archive bits air cleared. Then on Tuesday, as files get creative modified, the archive bits pop up and Tuesday nights incremental
02:46
backs up. Just what's changed on Tuesday
02:50
clears the flags. Wednesday files change. Our Cabinet pops up when say, Not back up Just what's changed on Wednesday. Okay, so both the full and the incremental clear the archive bit.
03:02
The one that's different than the other two is a differential backup. It does not clear the archives bit. That's why we do that back up Monday. And then we come and do back up Tuesday, and we're still backing up everything that changed since Sunday because none of the bits have been reset or flavored.
03:21
Now, one thing worth mentioning is a copy. Backup can back up the system in its entirety,
03:27
and it does not clear the orcas if it doesn't care about the archives bit
03:32
for that purpose. If you're doing a back up on the fly
03:38
unscheduled back up, you want to use a copy because think about it. Let's say I'm getting ready to install a service packing, I think. Well, I better do. Um, I better do back up.
03:49
Well, if I do a full back up, it's gonna clear the archive bit.
03:53
So at midnight, when I run my normal back up, nothing's gonna be on there. So in order to maintain the integrity of our nightly backups when you do an unscheduled backup, you do want to make sure it's a company.

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Instructed By

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Kelly Handerhan
Senior Instructor