So in this module, we're gonna talk about replacing devices in a laptop.
There's not a lot of work you can do. A lot of the components in a laptop are not replaceable,
some of them, especially in netbooks and smaller form factors.
There's very little you're gonna d'oh, because do their nature and small form factor most the parts or Stoddard on. And it's a permanent type setup
in traditional laptop, especially in desktop replacement or media laptops. Larger ones you will be. I do somewhere
things like the DC power supply,
the touch pad on the screen. Those those are pretty much like
integral part that you're not gonna bury place on your own the screen for the screen you might be ill do on your own. If you're really know what you're doing. That's one of the more difficult ones that's actually possible replaced on your own. But, um, it's not advised
when the system board, due to the nature of a laptop, everything runs off that system board and is integrated with it, that if the system board dies, you're pretty much gonna have to replace the laptop
so that everything is sorted. That one that one piece,
but there are some parts they're not too bad to do. And to do that you want to make sure you have a really good tool kit. You can buy these in stores. They're labeled as PC repair kits don't have the screw drivers that are for the appropriate size because these little screws, almost eyeglass screwdrivers, are going to use for this. So this kid will come with those kind of tools you need
magnetized head so that you can pick the screw up and not lose it right away.
They'll usually come within a static strip.
and another important piece of you to come with that. That's a big thing that's different with laptops is usually some kind of pride bar, because to get a lot of these piece of part on laptops there little plastic pieces that are snapped in,
and if you use a screwdriver, you're pregnant. Mark, mark it up, and if used, too much force will break off little tab. That's keeping it in. So pry bar will help you kind of pop that plastic out. That's the professional tool to use for that.
So when taking apart laptop.
There's two. There's. There's two common ways, depending on the manufacturer. Either are accessing from the top where you take out the keyboard and then you can see the stuff underneath so all the parts are kind of facing up. Or it's the reverse where you gotta take off the back
and you see all the parts
from that side to get to the things like the CPU in the room. And summer might be a hybrid of the two
laptops have a lot, a lot of screws, like the laptop I just showed you. I just took apart, and I even taken completely apart. And I already have probably 50 screws. I mean, there's a lot of screws, and
a lot of them are gonna be hard to find. So when you're looking at taking apart a laptop on your own, make sure you look online. A lot of times there won't be manufacturer instructions on how to take it apart. They don't want you taking apart.
you're allowed to take it apart if a lot of them a void the warranty, so
a lot of them will have stickers covering at least one of the screws that are necessary to take the
laptop apart. So if you go, you have to break that sticker to get to the screw, and then they'll know that you
took it apart. So you gotta make sure you're in a position where,
based on company policy or if it's your personal one if you're allowed to take it apart.
But most of market have easily accessible instructions. Most commonplace to find instructions is other place online from other people. Have already done it through trial and errors and let them break theirs first.
A lot of really good YouTube videos. That's a really good source.
They have a lot of lot of videos on how to do stuff like replacing the screen. How did
take out the WiFi where, where all the screws were located, They'll walk you through where every screw is.
Otherwise, it's kind of a trial by air. You might think you've gotten all the screws out. You gotta take you. Goto pulled apart still doesn't go in your
you're going to have a treasure hunt to find the individual screws,
and a lot of spirit would be different size of some of the longer and shorter. That's also why it's important to remember
Ah, hold it came from and you took it out.
So replacing the keyboard, this was actually a lot easier than it seems. I know laptop A keyboard looks like it's really integrated in most laptops. It's really just a simple membrane that's just kind of held in by a couple screws and some plastic clips on the side.
You see the picture in this one, so these are the little clips I was talking about. So these little clips are all that's really keeping it and say, You take out a couple screws. You just kind of use that plastic pry bar were talking earlier, and he'll use you pop out, and then they'll be a little ribbon underneath
a little ribbon underneath. They want to make sure that you take out, take apart. So whatever you take apart something in a laptop, just don't pull right away. You want take it up a little bit, look underneath
and see if there's any other cables connecting it because they're very fragile.
We're talking about the other common components, like replacing ram or change out the hard drive
or changing out the WiFi adapter. Those air also easy wants to do. They're all gonna have these little plastic components that look like the one in the picture. Here.
You're like a little little hatch door.
They're usually have two tabs. I'll slide in on one end, and the other end will be spring loaded screws. Now these are nice, for the screws are usually threaded so that
they'll stay in after you unscrew it with a little clip on the backs of those, they're easy not to lose.
So, like I said, hard drives or one of the more common ones to replace
Muslim have say to now
coming to four massive two and 1/2 inch and the three and 1/2 inch the smaller form factor ones are more likely to have the two and 1/2 inch one significantly smaller
major selling point in laptops right now is solid state drives or STDs.
They run a lot faster, consume a lot less power because there's no mechanical moving parts.
It's all just a memory,
but the bigger drives tend to be. Maur will tend to hold more because you have bigger platters in them. so it's really depending on one.
Do you have a laptop that can fit a three and 1/2 drive? And if it can,
are you more concerned about speed or in battery life, or do you need the space? You're gonna have a lot of videos and stuff.
The desktop replacements
usually have, like more than one hard drive spots, so I know my dust heart replacement. I can have two hard drives and 23 and 1/2. That's part of the larger case and also makes it heavier.
So when replacing the hard drive, make sure you remove the power when you're doing any of this stuff. Same for the keyboard.
You know anything. Remove the power. Remove the battery also because of the battery, and there's still some kind of power to remove the battery.
Ah, and we usually marked with some kind of symbol that says H D D for hard drive on the back, and we'll have one of those hatch doors like I just showed here,
us through that hatch and the hard drive, we usually just slide right out where it might have one screw keeping it in. Then you can slide it out. Put it in a little. It's in a little tray. Take it out the tray. You put the new one in and slide it back in its really straight for, and I'll show you
in a second. How straightforward it ISS.
Then you just put the hatchback on. So this very, very straightforward that most people would be able to do this is usually not one of the things that would be that would void the warranty unless you have some special kind of warranty. It's usually when it comes to taking apart the actual case part that you avoid warranty so things like replacing hard drives would not fall into that.
Rand's another easy one to do. So this is,
uh, here's an example of the back of the laptop.
Here's that hatch door. I've got it open just to show you where it is. You see a little tab they would slide in here, and then these use what's called sodium ram, smaller form factor for Ram.
We're gonna make sure you have the right type of ran that's compatible with your motherboard and make sure you look in the manual
Same thing with the hard drive. Make sure there's no power going to it, whether it be from the A C adapter of the battery
and then just unscrew the panel and the Ram will pop out with two little there's 20 clips on the side. So here we actually have two sticks of Ram's there cascaded.
So if you replacing boat, if you're replacing one and not the other, you might have to take this 1st 1 out. Like if one of the sticks went bad.
But they're kind of spring lord in there. So these little clips on the side, you move these clips apart, I'll just kind of pop up and you can pull it out of the slot.
I'll show you an example. That, too. In a second
wireless cards, little different still sits. Ah, this a PC I slot. Many PC I slot sits in,
you can see these two cables coming out of the top here that are screwed. And so, if you change out the WiFi,
you take out these two and tennis.
So these are these cables are the WiFi antenna.
and what? So you don't see it antenna sticking out The side like you. Word on a
access point or more traditional. That's because the antenna these wires run up to the top of the case and the antenna for the for the
laptop is actually wrapped around the LCD monitor.
So the antenna is actually the whole outside of the top of it.
These two cables eventually run up to there. So you gotta make sure you remove these before you take this out and then snap these back on.
It doesn't matter the order
within tennis. So So this one. You can see that's that's a great question. Never No one. If you're not sure, maybe take a picture with your phone or
take a picture, right? Something in this case, you can see there's a white arrow here and there's a black arrow here. I never noticed that I'm not guaranteeing that for everyone like this. Is Intel on?
They have that I would I would make it note, say, just like documenting your screws. Say okay. On the left side, as I look from it, is the white one. From the right side. I look at the black one. If there's no other kind of
marking on there there should be, But
I can't guarantee I know. I've mainly that with the intel ones like this, this actually a picture from my laptop, and I took So this does have the markings.
Now, for some reason, you're gonna place
you're gonna venture out and you know enough and confident of to replace the LCD screen yourself. You gotta take off that top lap. That's the LCD screen. You're gonna have to pull these cables
and then put feed him back through, because that's gonna be keeping the, you know, like a little tether there. So if you're going to be completely replacing something, you have to pull that out and feed them back through. Let's use your pretty to do because you're taking apart the If you're taking that taking apart that much, we've already taken the keyboard out and you can see from the top down
where those cables are, and I'll show you that a second
optical drives are also fairly easy to replace. The one thing the optical drives is
they all usually have.
They all are the same that drive themselves with little front panel part has rejected and stuff. It's always gonna be a little different,
based off what kind of case you have because they always made to look nice and merging with kind of case. What happens is those those things was held on by little plastic clips that you can actually snap off and put onto another Dr Seymour Place to drive and then just take off the little plastic front play and put it back on so that he'll match.
We'll still look the same, so that part is interchangeable.
Most of most CD ROM drives aren't gonna take a lot. A lot of times, it's just a single screw on the back. Yet undoing will slide out from the side. The entire drive
speakers are not too bad to do if their external. If they're easy to get two from the top, some of them might be buried deep inside. It's really depend on the laptop
if you have speakers that happen to be on the top right by the keyboard and stuff. Usually once you take off the ah,
take off the keyboard and stuff, you'd be able to access where the speakers are and change them out. If yes, because that are integrated into, say, the monitor portion. The LCD portion is gonna be a lot more difficult replaced cause just as difficult as
or if it's hidden somewhere deep inside the underbelly than might require taking the entire laptop part to get to him.
CP Replacement This isn't as common.
a lot, especially on the more on the smaller form factors. These are a lot more module or sometimes it's ordered in.
he's gonna be a lot more difficult to do on your own. They usually have their own kind of heat sinks. They don't have a typical heat sink like you'd see in a desktop PC, where he's sinking the fan with snap on. It's usually a lot more advanced for PCs
but again look online to see if it's something that's capable with laptop you're working with.
And, uh, what kind of takes you might have to work from the manufacturer of the special kind, Or you might wanna buy a regular
Sometimes it's easily accessible from ah, simple hatch like we had with the hard drives. Other times it's gonna most times it's gonna require full dissection. Full.
Take your ticket feli apart
because the heat thinks not gonna be,
ah, single he sing that sits on the CPU. A lot of times it might be a heat sink that also has that connects to other, the chips and other parts of the motherboard to keep it cool. So
I've never done that. And I've done a lot of laptops. I've never replaced CPU. It is possible in some.
So some come from the bottom. We gotta take off the bottom part of the case so you might be able to see it from the top. If you take off the
the keyboard from the top side. Same same concept.
All right, so I want to go over just show you with the actual laptop how some of these parts come in
and come out. So if we look at it from the front, So the first thing we talked about with the keyboard,
So I've already taken. So there's a part, but so take the keyboard part first. We had this piece in here,
which was kept in with little plastic
So I used a screwdriver on the sides here to kind of
pop those out on either sides that came out.
So I took that out. Now the actual keyboard was held down by screws.
Right here. Here, here, here, in here. So I took. See? Right here. So 1234 We already have six screws right here. Just take out the keyboard. So that kind of that just kind of popped out like this and you can see
on the side here. Okay, so right here, Here's a little ribbon
that I can I can lift up. This little clamp in that room will come out if I need Thio. Replace the keyboard. That's all I'd have to do to replace the keyboard
and then put the new one in, put it back in the slot. Put those screws back in.
Now, this one, you could see the speaker's might be a little more difficult because the speakers in the front here,
So if I have to get to these, I would have to take out. I'm gonna take apart the whole laptop take out the bottom part. Not going to just do it from the top is the speakers are accessible from the top. You're gonna do it
Also know the wireless. I said the wireless is around the LCD and comes up from the bottom.
These two cables right here,
these two cables right here reached down to the bottom side of the
laptop. There's a black and gray one here. Then it feeds into the case
and then wraps around the entire X external side. And that's my intended for my wife. I
So, speaking of WiFi, we flip it over
right There is my wife, I card.
And I've got the two cables that are coming down
from the top that I just showed and they plug into
they snap on to the actual WiFi.
Right here is my Ram.
I've actually got one stick already out right now,
So if I take my Ram thes air slide also, there's a little
little slot right there.
Do you want to make sure you look at the Kate? Look at the pins here and see So in here, there's a slot right there. So it won't go in that way. I can tell right now, even if I
I kind of put up there so turn around. So I just kind of slide in there. Those even kind of an angle.
And then you pushed down gently until you hear the two old clips on the side snap.
Take it out. I would just
release on the sides.
that I could just slide it back out again.
Now what the plastic catches like I
mentioned earlier. So
that was for this that would just slide in there, go down and then for two screws
now on this one and said saying, Hard drive, This one's got a little picture
of a little memory stick. So that talk. I know that that one's where the ram is.
So this one, this is where the hard drive sits.
So right here is my hard drive already took it out
on the bottom here, Seita.
So you know it's it's sitting a little tray here, this middle tray. This has four screws on it that keeps the hard drive attached. So if I want to trade out with another one, say I wanted to put an SST like this,
I'd have to take that one out, sit in there and then you can see there's four screw holes on the bottom of this to mount the
to mount into that same tray.
But I'm not gonna change that out. But the tray is there to keep it attached to the laptop itself. You're not going to use the port. Connectors is the only way of keeping it
steady because laptops get bustled around quite a bit. You could easily get a loose connection. And then you heard Dr Stop working,
but very simple. So I just said it in,
match up those holes and just slide in.
And then this one has this This caddy full tray provides three screws there, there, and one right there to keep that snug and secure in its socket.
The last of all right here is where the battery goes. Most batteries will work like this where they're coming from the bottom
be a varying shapes and sizes.
Wilson worked the same well, where we'll just slide in an angle and you pushed down and then we'll have a release here
will be released right there that you push and hold over, too,
to bring it back out.
And batteries are also replaceable, and that's what we're gonna talk about next.
So swapping battery. So batteries were the most important parts
of a laptop. That's why we like him so we can use them on the train. We get him on the bus when he's on the airplane, would use them in airports
using wherever there isn't
apart supply available.
But sometimes I need to replace. They start going bad
like I just showed in that brief demo. They're very easy,
the pop out. So if you make sure you get the proper kind for your laptop and you can easily replace it and just pop in a new one,
sometimes you can even buy a spare one. You could have to have a spare battery if you're
really worried about not having enough power and then just stop them out.
If you're not sure if the battery itself is bad. One way to test if it's the battery where the A. C is trying. If the laptop still runs without battery in it, so plug it into a sea plane in the wall with laptop still doesn't run. It's probably about the battery. It's probably your power adapter,
Eso bear battery errors. So this one's a little more specific, so you might see this more. In a corporate environment most
most laptops use, you have some kind of
connection. The actual power connection into the back of the laptop is usually specific to that brand,
so it's kind of hard to mix and match our supplies. Put the wrong one in because the actual plug into the backs gonna be
But if they're all from the same brand, especially like Dell allow, there's are using the same plug in the back.
So sometimes you might put the wrong one in and you get some kind of error like this one on the screen. They see power adapter type cannot be determining your systems operating slower. The battery will not charge. You probably put the wrong winning,
which is easy to do in a corporate environment where one has the same
the same kind of the same brand
so briefly go over the different kind of Barry types.
1st 1 is nickel cadmium. It was the first battery
the biggest thing. And I remember that we kind of had this problem with early cellphones and also with early
wireless Cordless phones. In your home was battery memory. So if you didn't recharge the battery fully
or discharge the battery fully and let it recharge to its full capacity again whenever you went to charge it, it would not. It would not give you a full charge because I had this thing called Barry Memory where it had Thio had to have a full discharge before he charged again. Toe hold full charge. So you tried to just charge it whenever it was like maybe a little low.
You never get a full charge back,
which could be quite
was nickel metal hydrate hydride.
It was a second generation
was a lot better Handling the battery memory
also was more susceptible. He'd get really hot. Remember there.
A few years ago, we had a lot of recalls where we had batteries exploding and overheating. They were this type of battery.
They also lasted longer
than the previous ones that nickel cadmium,
these were safer on the environment.
The current generation were on which we've been on for a little while.
Blacktop. I just showed you that's using a lithium ion.
We no longer have the problem with the better battery memory. So weaken. Charge it whenever we want, it will go back to a full charge
a little more limited on the number of recharges you could use, but most of time, unless most of time you'd end up probably replacing it or buying a new laptop. Before you go through all the charges
on one of these batteries,
it was double the duration length.
So now we're not changed the barriers so much as we're changing. We're changing type of battery as much as we're changing how the computer operates it itself to produce, to consume less power. So now we're looking at
processes that are more efficient and hard drives that require less power. So the battery lasts longer while you still using the same kind of battery technology
some hire, some proprietary battery packs might have led is on them. Where you can push a button or
something's affected will show you how much charges left physically. Otherwise, you'd have to check inside the operating system, see how much battery party had left