Time
60 hours 39 minutes
Difficulty
Beginner
CEU/CPE
40

Video Description

How to create a cable This lesson gives participants step by step instructions in creating a CAT6 cable, from stripping the outer layers to exposing the inner middle core. It is important to make sure all the cables are the same length by cutting off the end. An RJ45 connector has different channelings you must insert and different wirings coordinate to different channels and it's important to make sure they all meet at the end. Finally, use a crimping tool to crimp down the cable which clicks things in place inside the connector head.

Video Transcription

00:04
So let's make a cable,
00:06
see if we could do this pretty quick.
00:10
So we have our cat six cable here
00:13
and our cat six cable. The first thing that we need to do is access our inner strands. So we need a cable stripper.
00:21
We have a nice cable stripper here that we're gonna use.
00:30
We use our table stripper to strip out our outer coating, and we're gonna give us ourselves a lot of extra here
00:38
just because we're gonna be safe.
00:41
So now that we've gone and
00:45
we've stripped out our cables
00:47
well, go ahead and we'll get rid of this inner middle core
00:51
that are
00:53
cat six cables
00:55
We'll have.
00:56
So go ahead and get rid of that.
01:04
So now that we've gotten rid of that
01:07
in her middle core there,
01:11
we'll also want to
01:12
make sure that all of our different cables here
01:15
are the same length,
01:19
typically by taking and cutting off a little bit of the end.
01:26
So now that we made all of our cables the same length, we'll go ahead and
01:32
get him unraveled.
01:40
And fortunately, these are very vivid, bright colors.
01:45
There are situations where he may run into where you have an older cable and the colors are dull, and that's not very fun.
01:53
Sometimes you may even see have white white cable. It'll just look like all. You'll have four white cables and makes it hard to identify. One thing to remember, though, is that typically
02:07
the white, whatever cable of that color So our white blue cable will be wrapped around our blue cable are white orange cable we wrapped around our orange cable. So if you do have dull colors like that, you have to be extra careful to keep them separated until you fully crimped our cable.
02:25
But these are very vivid, so we're not as worried about it.
02:28
So we're going to make this end a standard
02:31
type A end. So what's our first end? Well, first we have our green white, so we're gonna take and we're going to
02:39
We're gonna coordinate our green white. This is gonna look reverse to you guys because it's facing me
02:45
and Evergreen white,
02:46
and then our pin number two,
02:51
we're gonna have our green, and then following that, we're gonna have our orange, white or blue.
02:58
So have our orange white
03:00
and are blue.
03:07
And then pins
03:10
five and six are gonna be our blue white and are orange,
03:15
blue, white and our orange.
03:19
And then finally, brown, white or brown.
03:24
So we have them all in the correct order.
03:38
What's that?
03:39
So
03:40
we first cut our cable. It didn't cut very well when we we cut the first time, didn't cut very well. And now that we've got all of our ducks in a row, we're just gonna go ahead and cut one more time.
03:53
Don't worry. I'll clean that up later.
03:57
So we're all organized here
04:00
more nice or cables or nice and neat.
04:02
So now we need an end. Remember, this looks reversed to you guys because it's facing me.
04:06
And so what I'm gonna do is I'm going to face the clip. So I'm looking at the pins and the little clip E part is facing away from me
04:16
now inside of, we're gonna move our
04:20
little strand out of the way here. That that that fibrous strand is actually used to rip our cable and make it and reveal more of our cabling.
04:30
So
04:32
our little head here, our little connector R J 45 connector
04:36
actually has
04:40
different channels inside of it
04:42
that we just slide our cable ings into
04:46
and these different channels
04:49
we'll need to make sure correspond correctly with our wire ings.
04:54
I'm a block your view for a second woman starting him in these channel ings.
05:04
So
05:05
cut it one more time.
05:08
So are different wiring Sze correspond with our different channels
05:13
Good and slide him in.
05:23
We want to make sure that they all meet at the end
05:26
Which of these do not But
05:28
we're doing these for demand this one part for demonstration purposes and we will cover this again later
05:35
and then once we have all of our cable set,
05:39
we use the crimping tool
05:47
gun crimped down our cable
06:03
And what that crimping is going to do is going to click some vampire teeth into place on our wire. What do I mean by these vampire teeth? We actually take a look inside of our cable are inside of our connector. Rather, we have our connector head which is like this
06:18
with our clip on top and then we place our wires inside of our connector head
06:24
like so and then at the
06:26
front of our connector ar ar pins is the metal. The metal faceplate
06:31
are the middle pin that makes contact
06:34
with our with our port on our computer.
06:38
And these metal pins have
06:42
two little sharp vampire metal pins with metal teeth
06:46
that are ready to be pushed into our wire.
06:50
What are crimp? Er does when we crimped down
06:55
on our actual connect in connector Here
06:58
we're pushing the pin fully into place, and we are piercing the plastic coating
07:05
on our wire so that our metal pins make contact with that metal wire inside of our plastic coating.
07:14
Once we do this, once, we crimp our cable. We're not using that connector head again. If we have to replace that connector or we have thio move our cables around, then we're gonna have to use a different connector.
07:26
So once we've made our cable,
07:29
what we can do in what we should always do is use a cable tester.
07:35
Now, this is a cable tester.
07:38
It actually has a remote end that we can use so we can separate it. And what our cable tester's going to do is, it's going we're gonna plug our cable into both ends, and our cable tester is going to run down on one side and it's gonna color code. We have color coded one through eight
07:54
and then on our other side. We also have color coded one through eight.
07:58
So what we do is we watch and we say, OK,
08:01
um,
08:03
as my led is going down,
08:07
I want to make sure its corresponding on the correct pin on the other side. This. Make sure that our pins are cables aren't transposed on a different pins. We don't have certain cables that aren't functioning that aren't getting a signal through. So the box that are trance are cinder box right here
08:26
is going to go straight through
08:28
one through eight. It's a receiver box here that we really want to look at and watch what pin that's corresponding with. If this is supposed to be supposed to be a straight through cable and this is going down and then it jumps and then it comes back and it starts bouncing all over the place,
08:43
and that means that our pins aren't set up correctly with our wire that we need to do need to redo that cable.
08:48
If we're doing a crossover cable, then we do want to jump over a couple times to make sure that we have a crossover cable set correctly.
08:56
So then, our last component we're gonna take a look at right now for our r J 45 connector is going to be something that we call our keystone. Now, this is a cat five e Keystone. And what this keystone does is this is actually a port that we plug into, and this keystone will be in a face plate in the wall.
09:16
So we need to take this cable. We need to take this cat five cat five cable and we need to place it in this keystone.
09:24
So let's take a look at that.
09:28
Now. What were first gonna do is we're first going to like we did before,
09:35
remove our rubber cabling
09:39
move on down here,
09:41
and then we're going to separate our different wires.
09:46
We're gonna untwist everything
09:52
after we do our own twists,
10:03
which take a second.
10:07
Then, after our own twists are done, we're gonna open up our keystone
10:11
and will notice that one side of our key stone has vampire teeth.
10:15
And we also have our color coordinated scheme that's labeled a and B and lets us know which we need to do on on which key
10:22
So we're using are a scheme. So on this side we are going green, green, white, orange, orange white men on our other side We have brown, brown, white, blue and blue white
10:35
So we go ahead and we're going to Well, just do one side of this. We'll do our whole ski stone.
10:43
So we want to get it. We're going to want to go green, green, white.
10:48
So actually gives a little bit more space here.
11:01
So first, we're going to want to go
11:05
Green, green, white soul Take our green cable
11:11
seated a little bit
11:13
with our fingernails
11:18
to get it in its
11:20
location.
11:24
Once we have it a little bit seated, we're gonna take this. This is called a punch down tool, and our punch down tool pushes this down into its correct socket. Now, our punch down tool has a sharp cutting edge, and we want that cutting edge to be facing toward our excess.
11:41
That's not towards the rest of our cable. If our cutting edge cuts off the rest of our cable, then we're not gonna make a connection.
11:46
So we're gonna face are cutting edge
11:50
towards what we want to cut off what isn't needed.
11:54
So
11:58
and those vampire teeth they're gonna pierce and then we have
12:01
green white,
12:03
and this isn't super neat. It's just for
12:07
demonstrating
12:09
our keystone.
12:13
We have a green, white,
12:22
orange and orange white
13:03
e didn't push down Very well s okay,
13:11
I just received and push it down again.
13:15
Then we have our brown, brown, white,
13:18
blue and blue white.
14:07
Okay, so finally we have our keystone all set up.
14:13
We have all of our cables punch down into their respective teeth.
14:20
And then once that's done,
14:22
we're just gonna cover it with our our enclosure here.
14:26
And then we're going to put this in the face plate in the wall.
14:30
And then when a user needs to plug into their computer, they're just going to take their cable from their computer or from their switch
14:39
and then plug it directly into
14:41
our keystone in the wall.
14:46
So just a quick recap R R J 45 are registered. Jack, 45 is going to be our connector for our for our cat cables are standard connector for our cat cables on r J. 45 is going to be the connector that we use for our data when we're working for our cat cables and we'll talk about R R J 11 and a little bit
15:05
or a R J 45 we have our different specified pin layouts are t 568 a. M a r t 568 b
15:13
and we used these different. We use these different pin pronounced to specify if we're using a standard straight crossover or T one crossover. We also took a look at our A couple of our different tools, like Are stripping tool. Our actual, our cable tester
15:28
are in our punch down tool is where, well, as our our keystone that we punch down into.
15:33
So let's go ahead and move on away from R J 45 let's take a look at our r J 11

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