Time
10 hours 41 minutes
Difficulty
Beginner
CEU/CPE
12

Video Transcription

00:05
So
00:06
why do you need more ram?
00:09
So, like I mentioned earlier, if
00:13
you're not going anymore, RAM, if you're not doing a lot of heavy usage, it's not like I bring the processor. You're not gonna see faster performance by adding RAM.
00:23
But as operating systems grow and newer versions come out and newer version of applications come out new version of browsers, they're always adding more features, and they're always having more capability. There are gonna take up more memory as it take it, more memory.
00:37
That means it's going to start filling up your available RAM.
00:42
Common signs will see is,
00:45
uh, you have a lot of programs open
00:47
and you start seeing the computer start performing sluggish, and then you see your hard drive light
00:52
turning a lot. The hard drive's thrashing a lot of activity.
00:56
Well, that's an indication that you probably need more ran, because now
01:02
the computers run out of room and RAM to store all the data about your programs, which is the fastest place to store it. So now it's having to store it on the hard drive,
01:10
and that's significantly slower. You're gonna see that and performance. You're also see an increased activity on the hard drive
01:17
because you've used up all your ram,
01:19
uh,
01:22
grams. Usually rams are easy to replace, so it's one of the first components that you'd probably upgrade in the system.
01:29
It's relatively cheap compared to
01:33
a lot of the other parts in a computer.
01:38
So besides just those visual cues that I mentioned, you can also actually look
01:42
at your task manager and Windows
01:46
and you can see, like in this example, we see memory. So this example
01:51
says, Okay,
01:53
we're using 2.8 gigabytes of RAM in use
01:57
and we have 4.9 available.
02:00
So we're not We don't need more ran. If this is what our average uses look like, especially and you see there's a little little bar chart that kind of says, Okay, we're kind of, you know, maybe at the 40%.
02:10
And that's out of eight gigabits of DDR three in this case.
02:16
Now, if we see this bar being more up near the 999% air, a lot,
02:23
which would probably lead us here was slow performance, the PC, then you'd want to start seeing Okay, I think I have Ah,
02:30
I don't have enough room in my system anymore
02:34
that you could be limited to if you're actually able to upgrade the Ram Bhai. Okay, if you have an older motherboard and only uses DDR two Okay, well, you know, you might get DDR too cheap, or you might not be able to find it as much anymore. So you might need to look at going toe. Hold your motherboard. Those are just some of the things to consider when
02:52
went up going round the existing type you have, how much it costs is still readily available.
02:59
And if you're if you're and how much yours motherboard will support for Ram, like, what's the maximum amount it could hold? Some of them have limitations, so check your motherboard manual.
03:10
So once it fills up with RAM, it goes into what's called a paging file
03:17
or a SWAT file or virtual memory. And this is basically says,
03:22
Okay, we, uh, we filled up our ram. Now we need to use the hard drive. And so what happens is whatever operating system you're used
03:30
in windows, it's usually a page or virtual memory. And in Lenox, it's usually called a swap file. There's an assigned space saying, OK, we're gonna use this much hard drive space as overflow
03:42
for ran.
03:45
And that's why the hard drive light will start thrashing. So we ran out of room in Ram. So now we're gonna start
03:50
going to the We're gonna treat our hard drive like Ram Just slow Ram who can't just save it as regular files because
03:55
the way Ram stores data on the way the hard drive stores data
04:00
are two different
04:01
two different beasts. So what happens is they have, Ah, the operating system sets up an allocated space on the hard drive that's
04:09
formatted to store data like RAM would,
04:13
and it would go use that space.
04:27
Now, programs will just stop running or we'll start crashing if you run out of. If you're during so many programs and
04:34
you don't have a friend and use up all your page file,
04:38
you're really you're you're gonna start seeing probably crashes in your operating system
04:45
if you need thio. If you can't. If you're not a position where you could get more ram, you need to increase your page file. There's a setting for that in Windows and the computer management and you can see here. So we're gonna stay here. The automatic setting is okay. A system manage size. So it's gonna It's gonna just the size based off
05:04
your average use. It's gonna kind of it's gonna adjust the size of that
05:10
space, that page file on the hard drive that RAM will use if it runs out.
05:15
So
05:16
there's also a cost. So maybe you don't have a really big hard drive, So you really can't, you know, all your hard driving used up by the page file. Also, that should be like your emergency. So if you know you're not gonna use a lot, then you can manually set the values windows in this case, usually a pretty good job. You see, in this example, it says
05:34
Okay, so we're never gonna make the page file smaller than 16 megabytes. That's your minimum size
05:40
I've got. You know, I've got eight gigs of Ram. I'm never gonna I really go over that. But you still need to have a page for just in case because you don't have any page file, then you're just gonna crash cold in the water. There's no
05:51
that means you've lost any work. You're doing?
05:54
Um,
05:56
this is the recommended size for 50 but doesn't allocate that yet. It's gonna allocate as needed. So in this case, we've used about a little 1.2 gigabytes
06:06
of our page file
06:09
and l've managed Island Tony no. Clear it out. Make it bigger. Smaller?
06:13
Um,
06:14
if you're really confident, you have, like, a huge mountain range set. No page file.
06:20
You think you're that unique circumstance or you can set a custom sites. Like I said so initially, you know, maybe, like 16 mega, then
06:28
maximum size. So never grow beyond a certain size. I know I don't have enough room on my hard drive or I don't want taking up that much space. I'm gonna set a maximum size that can grow
06:36
if it run. If I run out of space and ram
06:49
so flat fram is non volatile. Memory that can be erased reformatted
06:55
when we talk Flash Ram, we're thinking like USB thumb drives.
07:01
Okay,
07:01
So, as opposed to
07:04
our regular ran that we're talking about in computers
07:09
RST ram.
07:11
When the power goes out, we lose. All the data was stored in there. It's not like a hard drive.
07:15
Now, flash drives or flash ram.
07:17
After the power is gone, it will still save, So it's kind of a mix, so it's faster than hard drives,
07:24
but not as large and space.
07:27
It's kind of a trade off between RAM and
07:30
hard drive space, so allow the advantage of ram and speed and being non mechanical. But
07:35
the advantages of a hard driving that the data is saved even when there's no power,
07:42
so that would still be faster than a hard drive. So maybe if you're constantly going over hard to have a space over, you're using all your ram up and you can't afford or not a position to
07:53
install more. Ram your system. Windows seven and Above has was called Ready Boost, where they'll use a flash drive as your page file
08:01
to help cash stuff that won't fit in RAM before going to your hard drive. So it's kind of in between step before you go to the hard drive. We use
08:07
flash drive. Now it'll test not all flash drives a work. It'll test
08:13
the driver could be used be drive like a full size. You'd be hard drivers. One of the flash USB sticks will test to see if the speeds are
08:22
fast enough
08:26
to be out of support being Ah, ready boost. Dr,
08:31
can you do this? When you put it in? You go the thumb drive on my computer
08:33
and right click on the properties and will be a ready boost happened. I'll tell you if it's compatible or not, and you say, Yeah, I want to use this as a
08:41
ready boost. Dr.
08:43
Now, on the flip side, you could also. So I have a lot of Ram. I I went crazy. There was a sale I bought I bought. You know, I've got 64 bit operates system they can see beyond four gigs. They had a fire sale on RAM, so I bought. You know, I went crazy. I went 64 Gigs of Ram. I'm like, Yeah,
09:01
I'm awesome. I got 64 gigs of Ram.
09:03
And, you know, I have a lot of, you know, a lot of programs. I run by. Still, I need it.
09:09
Man. 64 gigs. That's that's a lot. I mean, some hard drives are 64 gigs.
09:15
So Aiken, Aiken format parts of RAM to act like a hard drive.
09:20
So if I have stuff that you know, programs I'm gonna access frequently. You won't install anything there because it's still ran. It's gonna bleed itself when you turn off the computer. But you can configure what's called RAM drives, where you can store information
09:33
on Ram like it's a hard drive. Um,
09:37
there's not many real practical cases for unless you have something like,
09:41
you know, maybe you like video adding your digital editing. You wanna be able to do that really fast. Could you could save some of those kind of files into a ram drive?
09:50
Um,
09:50
the advantage is it's just it's it's gonna be a lot faster
09:54
than accessing from
09:58
from mechanical drive. It's just that it's gonna take up some of your ram. But if you have the ram despair and it won't save itself will be gone after you leave.
10:07
Just kind of reverse situation of
10:13
if you have a lot of RAM is both
10:15
no enough.
10:20
So when you go to upgrade your ram, your first stop to be the motherboard,
10:26
the usual have what's called a qualified vendor list that says, we guarantee that these vendors in these model numbers by these vendors will work with our mother board. We
10:37
we guarantee the compatibility.
10:39
Um, worst case will still tell you what the specs need to be.
10:43
So if you're not, if you're not stupid concerned If you're not buying generic Ram, you're still buying from reputable, reputable companies. You could still just match the specs to make sure
10:54
the ram will work. But if you want 100% guarantee, that's compound with your motherboard. There's a vendor list in the manual that will tell you which ones for some of you know, the motherboard, the manual. You can always
11:05
go on the Internet.
11:07
You can also look at the ram that's already
11:09
in the computer, and I'll tell you what type it is.
11:16
You should always try to match the speeds.
11:18
If you don't match the speeds, all the ram will go at the speed of the slowest ram you put in
11:24
tier banks.
11:30
So if size is more important than the speed of the ran the performance, then you know you could save money and buy a slower ram just to get the space. But
11:39
I'll go the speed of the slowest.
11:45
So installing Ram eso physically installed them. So you got through the system. Power? Uh, electricity bad you? Never. Whenever you're messing with components on the computer you want remove the system power first. You never
11:58
one of risking shocked,
12:01
prevent static, electrical magnetic static discharge damage. But we're in a static, static wrist strap which will ground you
12:09
eso We'll lift the ram by the ends, avoiding to touch the contacts. Um,
12:15
and then there's notches that need to be aligned
12:18
like we mentioned. Each kind of DDR has different kinds of notches.
12:24
Then you just kind of pushed down on the slot
12:28
until it kind of snaps in. So you'll see on the
12:37
So let me show you real quick,
12:41
but that looks like
12:45
so here we have a couple sticks of ram,
12:50
do you see? So this is this is regular
12:54
SD Ram, Uh, you see how there's simple notch in the middle?
12:58
So
13:00
this one, you're gonna only be ableto this one's gonna be a little hard to make sure it fits in, right, Uh, because the one not the middle, but still slightly aligned, right, So you kind of go back and forth to see which way it lines back to slip it back and forth in the bank to make sure before you actually push down, snap and you'll see there's these use on the side on both of them.
13:20
This is where the clips will go into
13:22
when you push it down into the slot.
13:24
You see in this one we have multiple.
13:28
Not just this one makes a little easier. You'll see on the motherboard right away. Okay,
13:33
Way. Know how that's gonna fit
13:37
now on this one?
13:41
This is double sided. You see their seat. There's chips on both sides.
13:46
You can also see It's kinda hard to read, but almost
13:50
every Ram chip will have a sticker on it. Some form that says, OK, this is how big might the stick is. So in this one, it's 512 Meg's. It's PC 23 200
14:01
and who makes it so you kind of know the statistics. So, like I said before, you can check the motherboard to see what kind of ram you already have in there. When you go toe
14:09
good upgrade.
14:20
Now here's a kn higher performance ram. So another thing to consider
14:24
is we talked about how the double sided ones could also be a problem because if they might not fit in the slot because it's all too close together. Well, in our higher performance Ram, you also see heat sinks like on this one.
14:37
You see how there's these metal heat sinks around there? Because these air high performance rams, they get hot just like a CP would, and they'd stay cool. So they have heat sinks on him, but they make the Graham thicker.
14:50
Seeing this one is DDR three.
15:07
So here's the ram actually end the slots to notice right here. You can see
15:13
there's the pins. There's a stop. Candida, stop! So that's how you can align the ran to make sure it sits in right
15:22
Then here we have the latches that was sitting on the side.
15:26
So in our case,
15:33
you see outlines up, then we look at the ram.
15:37
You see how those dots lineup so right away? If you go to put in the wrong way, I don't even have to try to put it. I can see. Okay,
15:43
Those don't line up with the
15:46
the slot itself.
15:50
But
15:50
that does so you slide it right in.
15:56
They pushed down lightly and you'll see the two sides with us. Snap right in.
16:14
So just like we said here. So the biggest thing is that doctors are gonna be different between the different types. TRD or two DDR three. Uh, because they've changed the pin layouts, they've increased the breakfast size. But it's also helps protect you from yourself that you don't put the wrong kind of RAM.
16:30
It's their own kind of system.
16:37
Like any electronics parts. These are fragile. So don't don't force it if it's not going right away. Kind of like take a look. Make sure, really
16:45
These little notches do line up, and something's not stuck in the way because
16:49
that they are still fragile. So if you really push hard, it's not just sitting right. You could you could snap them.
16:56
Yes,
16:56
so
16:59
Intel versus ADM motherboards. They're going to be similar as far as you put the
17:03
memory. And if you have four slots,
17:07
um, you should look at the motherboard documentation on where to put the memory or that you assume that is a great point. Thank you. That's a very good point. So
17:18
look at the motherboard documentation, but what a lot of them will D'oh
17:22
is a lot of them will have certain slots support, dual channel
17:27
and actually or triple channel. So to have dual channel triple channel work through the motherboard,
17:34
you have to have the matching slots be the matching Ran's be in certain slots and
17:40
for whatever reason,
17:41
the matching slots or not next to each other, the usual be alternating on the motherboard
17:48
most of time will be colored differently. So, you know, Okay, put all the same kinds of ram and the same
17:55
kind of slots.
17:56
If they don't color it, there should be labeling.
18:00
They should always say, OK, this is dim. Dim slot zero, dim slot, one *** slot to And then the mother War may say, OK, if you're doing dual channel, put the same kind of ram and dim slot zero and dim too,
18:11
for instance. But let me
18:15
show you on another
18:18
motherboard.
18:25
So in this motherboard we have Triple Channel.
18:33
So this is Triple Channel. So we have 123456
18:38
So, uh, these all happened to be the same, but
18:42
I could have two different kinds of long as they're in pairs of threes
18:47
now to do the Triple Channel So if I only had if I was only doing one bank of triple Channel, I have to make sure they're all on the right bank says he mentioned. Like which which which would I know also in here,
18:59
you see, they're colored.
19:03
So if I was doing Triple Channel, I would put the 1st 3000 use
19:08
in the red ones, so I would be the alternating ones.
19:11
And the next set would have to be the black. So to make sure I get triple Channel performance,
19:18
all the ones in the Reds have to be identical rams and all the ones in the black hat to be identical Ram.
19:23
Ideally, for best compatibility, you should have all
19:27
they shall be identical eyes, as in the case in this one.
19:30
But I finally had three sticks. I would fill the three red ones first in this case,
19:37
and you see, they're all today. They're not right next to each other
19:48
that answer your question. Good. Good point. Thank you very much too. That's a good one.
20:02
So unless you're doing something
20:04
like over clocking in your
20:07
CPU, there shouldn't be anything you have to do when you put a new ram stick into your computer when you boot up
20:14
your computer with the new RAM stick. If there's no problems with Ram's stick, it's fully, you know, no physical errors on it. It should detect it automatically.
20:22
You shouldn't have to go set
20:23
the clock speed or the late and see speed of your ram when you first put it in. If you're doing over clocking and you're doing your enthusiasts, that's where the ex MP would come in. You go in and set,
20:36
okay? I want to use it at a higher rated speed, but
20:41
And this is done using the SPD chip
20:42
serial present detect. So it says it tells the computer
20:48
I operate at this speed
20:51
operate, I'm this much memory.
20:53
I'm S e c r. I'm not e c c. So I have error correction or I don't have air correction.
21:00
This is where I store memory. So it's the SPD is kind of like an I d.
21:06
Like a gun or if i d you put on a packet says Okay, here, here in my stats. So, you know, work with it because Randy's be used as soon as the boot computer boots up so it needs toe needs to know everything about it.

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