Time
1 hour 53 minutes
Difficulty
Beginner
CEU/CPE
2

Video Transcription

00:00
Hello, everybody. And welcome to this lecture and this lecture. We're gonna be talking about the windows administrative tools, so let's go ahead and get started.
00:09
Windows, along with a lot of the other operatives systems out there, have admin tools that allow you to change settings, add drivers, install software, uninstall software, customise your firewall of configurations.
00:24
All things that would seem administrative seem like you could customize the settings, if you will, of your operating system and allow your operating system to do or to not do certain things depending on what your what? Your goal is what your intent is.
00:39
And this lectures intense is really to talk about the different types tools that are available to you
00:45
just to kind of familiarize yourself with what Windows
00:48
offers and what you can do with it. And so I thought, What better way than to start with the device manager, which, if you work with PCs at all, or if you intend to, if you want to get into any type of I t roll and that's the whole goal for this a plus certification, you're probably gonna be dabbling with the device manager at some point,
01:07
so the operating system
01:10
needs what we call drivers, which allow the operative system commute to communicate with the hardware that is plugged into your computer. Or it's connected to your computer. And one way or another, And what I mean is that mouse and keyboard that you're using those used drivers individually. Um,
01:27
the graphics card. If you customized graphics hard, if you have a new graphics card or
01:33
you updated and you're not using the graphics that's built into your processor than that needs a driver, um, you know your webcam that needs a driver. All those all those different things. Your printer. All these components require drivers, and it allows your operating system to read
01:51
the information from the hardware
01:53
because it's all bits and you know ones and zeros that are being sent over. But there has to be translated and order for the operating system to be able to read that data. Anne's for you to read that data or use that data. However, you need to know whether that's, you know, using a peripheral like a mouse
02:10
or peace are printing a piece of paper.
02:14
So
02:15
and that's what it is Driver is, and that's really where the device manager comes into play handles all different types of drivers. You know what I what? I want you to think of a driver as it's just like a customized piece of software that handles the communication of hardware and your operating system.
02:31
And, you know, those software's air usually made by the manufacturers who developed the
02:38
hardware that you're using. So if you're using a larger tech like unify, mouse and keyboard pair, well, then you would typically get a driver that you would have to install, which is usually that disk that comes with the hardware that you just purchased and you install it. And now you're able to use the hardware that you that you have, um,
02:58
your WiFi card. You know, that would be another type of driver that would have to be installed in order for you to use the WiFi card on your operating system.
03:05
And all that can be handled through the device manager.
03:09
Another admin tool that is probably really important. That, you get to know is the users and groups. So
03:17
when you're using windows, you're able to creates an admin profile, which is probably the one that you're gonna start using right off the bat. But if this is like a home computer that you're gonna be using in your living room, chances are you're gonna have some other users if you have a family
03:31
and you may or may not want those other users to be adamant so you could have them as a guest or us a regular user
03:38
if you're in the office based. A lot of these settings air handled by a domain controller, where you have active directory and all that's handled by us this admin or ah and identity access manager Ah, in the office. Who handles that?
03:52
But, um, if if you're not quite so, uh, up to you know, the enterprise scale and this is more of, ah,
04:00
home user level, I want you to think of users and groups that's just the little icon. Or you can handle the profile center registered on your workstation, and ah, and you can change those settings and you can change the passwords and all that information right there within users and groups.
04:17
Local security policy is another one
04:19
that I think it's worth mentioning. Enterprise organizations use active directory to manage the security and the user's throughout the domain in the organization and the security policies or what's attached to the users and groups. And really, what that does is it allows the members
04:36
of the organization to have access is on file. So let's say you have 20 file servers.
04:42
You have a couple of printers. Um, you have, you know, maybe have a couple cloud, uh, storage locations that need to be access. And all those locations can be determined by the security policies that are attached to the group's in active directory. Now
04:58
this is an A Microsoft certification. You don't have to know a lot about active directory, but I do recommend that you look into it a little bit. Just read a couple articles on what active directory is. How does it work and what kinds of things can you do with it?
05:12
But really, what I want you to think of is, you know you have a directory of users. Let's say it. You work in an organization. There's 100 people.
05:18
Let's they have a marketing department. You have a sales department, you have a nightie department. You have administrative. Lissy, have managers all these different apartments, right? And you could stick one group for each department and have all the users that work in that department within the group.
05:39
And let's say, you know, your marketing team only needs to have access to a one file server.
05:44
Well, you can deny access Using a security policy to all other resource is and only allow the marketing department to access that one file server, and that would be an example of a security policy and how that works.
05:58
Moving on. Another thing that should be mentioned is the performance monitor, so performance water is exactly what it sounds like. It actually monitors and displays the metrics of the operating system so you could see the memory usage. What's going on the CPU? See how much disc based using stuff like that.
06:16
It allows you to set alerts and automated responses so you can
06:20
ah, find out you know how much you are using up too much space? Did you reach that 90% cut off point and now you need to respond. Maybe you want to. You want to send yourself an alert message to go ahead and start clearing out your trash bin or on a slow couple applications. Things like that. You can set those alerts within the performance monitor,
06:40
and it allows you to include built in reports to view the data
06:43
service's is another adamant tool that should be looked into. I do encourage you guys to review all these different Adam and tools. Get familiar with them because chances are you will have a couple questions on the exam regarding these
06:58
background processes that includes your antivirus. Your network service is things like that. Anything that runs on in the background, those air gonna be included in the service's area. Um, these air used for part of troubleshooting. So what I mean by that? If you have a virus running on your workstation
07:15
and you need to confirm that, maybe you think you do, maybe this whole thing is hypothetical.
07:21
Your computer's acting really sluggish. You don't know what's going on. You could go into the service is and see if there's anything suspicious running, maybe downloaded a couple of war documents, and now a bunch of scripts ran and I have a virus installed,
07:34
and when you check out the service's you see everything's haywire, bunch of you know service's air running. You have no idea what's going on. It's in another language, and it seems really crazy,
07:44
and you can't close them. Well, that means you have a virus or you have some kind of malware running on your work station. And all those things can be checked within the service's panel. And that is an admin tool that you will be using with Windows.
07:58
Uh, you can manage. The service is using the command line using hyphen net. Start hyping net Stop to you know, start and stop. The service is
08:05
or you could just use the graphical user interface by typing in service is dot M S C in the run panel with the start menu.
08:15
Um, so yep,
08:16
And do keep in that in mind when you are trouble shooting your workstation or
08:22
your clients were position.
08:24
Print management is another admin tool that you can access. This can be accessed through the control panel of Windows, basically, is what it sounds like. You're just handling the printers. I lost you to handle printers from one central console. You can share printers, other workstations, and you can also manage the drivers for the printer so
08:43
maybe have a driver. This outdated does happen and you can just uninstall, reinstall, update whatever you need to d'oh
08:50
right then and there. It's very, very easy. Printers can be a pain in the butt, so just keep that in mind
08:56
and event viewer, it allows you to centrally view the events and and manage the events on your work station. This is also gonna be very important for troubleshooting. It deals with security and deals with all that stuff because
09:09
you can, ah, identify what the user clicked on, what the user opens. And also, if there's any malicious scripts that access
09:18
certain files, maybe embedded themselves in certain areas, things like that. It really it's like an audit
09:24
haven for you, too.
09:26
Figure out what happened to the work station or the server and respond accordingly. So
09:33
that's all I have for you in this lecture. I will see you guys in the next one

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CompTIA A+ 220-1002

In this course, you will learn the fundamentals of operating systems, security, software troubleshooting, and operating procedures. This course will prepare you to take and pass the CompTIA A+ 220-1002 exam.

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Senior Cloud Security Engineer
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