Time
1 hour 53 minutes
Difficulty
Beginner
CEU/CPE
2

Video Transcription

00:00
all right. So have you been following along with me? We've been talking about the different types of operating systems out there, but now it's time to talk about how to install the operating systems on your workstation. So let's go ahead and dive right into that.
00:14
So when you're selling an operating system, there's a couple different methods of how you would get the computer to register, or at least see the operating systems, the files that air that you're needing to install from one of them's through USB, another through city rahm or DVD. Ah, you could use pixie boots. Or you can use net boots.
00:33
So one of the ways that I typically do it is through us being. If you're dealing with a lot of pieces, maybe your dust top administrator or a systems administrator,
00:42
chances are you're gonna use us be boots. It's a very quick way of doing it. Basically, you boot the operating system files onto a flash drive using a special application,
00:53
plug that into the workstation that you're gonna be installing your operating system on and go ahead and restart the computer and run through the prompts in order to install the operating system. A similar way would happen with the CD Rome or the DVD Rome.
01:07
And basically you would instead of using a USB, just inject the CD or DVD into the reader
01:14
and run through the files. The process of installing the operating system that way
01:19
with pixie boots a little bit different. Basically, you're doing a pre boots execution. Um, so your you have the operating system already set and ready to execute on whatever workstation you're gonna be connecting it to
01:34
you. Uh, you wipe your your system that you're gonna be still in the operating system on you connect it remotely to whatever the pixie boots server's gonna be,
01:42
and it's still the operating system using the Internet that way. Net Buddha's similar eyes Probably the best way to compare it. Um, if you have a Mac, you've ever installed an operative system on a Mac.
01:55
You have to connect it to the Internet, and then you go ahead and use. You know your configuration on the keyboards to get the Mac book or Mac or I'm act to register the operating system from
02:06
these pics of you server or the Net Boots server and downloaded the operating system and then installs it on the workstation right there. Very, very convenient way of doing it. Um, one of the many reasons why I love Mac, but you can do that with Windows or Lennox using a pixie,
02:23
continuing our conversation with boot methods. There's a couple of different types of drives out there. A swell. You can use solid state drives and hard drives, which you can use to install the operating system on. Have you ever built a computer you've probably experienced, or at least come across these types of devices? Solid state drives are,
02:42
ah, flash based, and then the your hard drives are magnetic base.
02:46
You can use an external hot swappable drive, which allows you to inject the ice so stick it into the computer run off of it, and then also allows you to reject the hard drive very easily from your work station. And then you can also use internal hard drives, which you just leave the hard drive or the salts they drive
03:04
into the work that into the computer itself.
03:08
You can also boots using a separate drive through, like USB or Thunderball or something like that
03:15
Um, and you can also creates different partitions within those drives and run different types of operating systems out of the same heart driver. Solid state drive.
03:27
The different types of installations of operating systems would be clean install, which has you wipe the entire hard drive and reinstall the operating system on it.
03:36
You have the unattended installation, which has the answer the windows questions in a file, and Ben has you install the the operating system without any interruptions, and then you have in place upgrades, which
03:49
upgrades the operating system. But it doesn't affect any of the applications or the data that's already existing in the operating system or in the hard drive that you already have
04:00
continuing on our discussion, you have a repair insulation. Maybe you have a couple things mix up and mess up within the operating system. You can fix those problems by running the repair installation option. When you insert your media and to the computer, you have multi boot, which which grants you the ability to run two or more operating systems from a single computer.
04:19
For those Mac users. Think of this as like boot camp, the Celozzi to install Windows on your Mac. You can turn on your computer and then select which operating system you'd like to choose from. Windows and Lennox. You guys can do this, too. It's not determined by the operating system. You can run on any computer. Um, just keep in mind that if you have a Mac
04:40
ah, you can on Lee Run Mac on a Mac. You can't run Mac on a windows unless you build a hacking tosh. That's very complicated. You could always google that and look into it. But if you own a PC, you can multi boots to Lennox and two Windows without any issues. You may have some issues trying to run Mac on that,
04:59
um, for recovery partitions. This is just a separate small partition that allows youto have. How's the installation files
05:06
of your operating system? So you can always repair your operating system as needed if if it happens to goof up for any reason,
05:15
speaking of disk partitions, partitioning your disk basically allows you to slice up your hard drive into a bunch of pizza pie slices. If you imagine it as like a pizza pie and you're rolling it into your triangles, That's essentially what you would be doing with this partition. You're just partitioning sec sections of your hard drive
05:34
and allocating it for different reasons.
05:36
Um, so you know, you can use nbr hard disk and have them partition into four part of partitions you can use G U I D Partition tables two and that's actually supports up to 128 partitions. G u I. D requires a UV bios or ah, bio's and compatibility mode and, um,
05:57
bios and compatibility mode does disable
05:59
the youth e secure boots or just keep that in mind
06:02
regarding file systems. An important thing to consider when you are installing an operating system is the type of file system you're going to have that you're installing on. This probably comes more into play when you're dealing with Lennox because there's so many different types of file systems out there that you can use. Um, but when you're using, um,
06:20
Windows, some of the popular ones who the NT F s or fat 32?
06:25
I know Mac OS has their apple proprietary file system that they're using that's newer on that is required for some of the newer Mac OS operating systems, but basically, when you format partition of a hard drive
06:40
so you can install an operating system on it, you need to pick out the type of file system you want to use in order to install your operating system on top of
06:48
many times operating system kidding right to various different types of file system formats. You just want to look into that depending on which operating system you're going to be using
06:59
some of the different types that we could talk about our fat partitions. So fat is a type of file system format. It's a file allocation table. It's actually one of the oldest types out there. There is fat fat 32 an ex fat
07:11
ah fat 32 is a another file allocation table. It's used for larger volumes, and it actually has limitations to the file size itself. Only up to four gigs. But X fat is the extended file allocation table Microsoft Flash Drive file system,
07:29
and it can house files that are larger
07:31
than four gigs.
07:33
The NT, F S and C. F s file systems are a little bit different. These air newer the anti file system was released around when there's 2000 or Windows NT. ERA is the new and improved when you compare it to fat 32 allows for compression and encryption, which you weren't able to do with the fat file systems.
07:53
The CDF s are the compact. This file system is actually I so 9660 standard
08:00
Ah, and every operating system can read the compact disc.
08:05
So a couple more out there there's the E x t three x t four. This is the third extended follow system. This is one that you can use on Lenox, one of the newer ones through the X t four, which can run on Lenox an android. And then the NFS, which is the network file system,
08:24
is actually the file system used on smaller compute devices and that can distribute files across your network
08:31
s O. If you have, like a hard drive, maybe couple terabytes, you need to distribute that across your small office or your home like a media types server situation. You can distribute that using wth e NFs file system on the hard drives that you will be distributing the files from,
08:48
and then you can access those files from anywhere on the network and NFS clients available across many operating system, especially the newer ones that you can use to access those files.
09:00
All right, that about wraps up this lecture. If you guys have any questions, please feel free. It's re chancing.

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CompTIA A+ 220-1002

In this course, you will learn the fundamentals of operating systems, security, software troubleshooting, and operating procedures. This course will prepare you to take and pass the CompTIA A+ 220-1002 exam.

Instructed By

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Nicolas Moy
Senior Cloud Security Engineer
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