Understand the Disciplines and Functional Areas in Your Organization

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In order to properly plan the security policies across the organization, a security manager must thoroughly know the roles that each discipline and functional area plays in their company.


A programmer writes, tests, debugs, and manages the specified instructions in computer programs that computers follow to execute their functions. The programmer also conceives, designs, and tests logical structures in order to resolve computer issues. Numerous technical innovations in programming, advanced computing technologies, and sophisticated programming languages and tools have restructured the role of a programmer in an organization.

Database administrator

A database administrator develops and designs database strategies; oversees and enhances database performance and capacity; anticipates and plans for future expansion requirements.

This person also plans, coordinates, and applies security measures for safety of the database. A database administrator is also referred to as database coordinator or database programmer. This role is closely related to the database analyst, database modeler, programmer analyst, and systems manager.


The activities performed by a database administrator:


  • Transferring Data
  • Replicating Data
  • Maintaining database and ensuring its availability to users
  • Maintaining the data dictionary
  • Controlling privileges and permissions to database users
  • Monitoring database performance.
  • Database security Stop.
  • Data fragmentation
  • Give authority to access database to the authorized person.


A database administrator should possess these skills:


  • Strong organizational skills
  • Strong logical and analytical thinker
  • Ability to concentrate and pay close attention to detail
  • Ability to think broadly and consider impacts across systems and within the organization


Network administrator

A network administrator is responsible for the maintenance of computer hardware and software associated with a computer network. He deploys, configures, maintains, and monitors active network equipment. The role of the network administrator entails the operation and configuration of the network with continuous monitoring, in addition to:


  • Ensure proper functioning of the network.
  • Design and organize the system network.
  • Assign routing procedures and configurations.
  • Assign IP addresses to the various devices involved in the system network.
  • Take care of system settings and printer settings.
  • Debug issues related to the network.
  • Set up standard installation packages for all the systems to ensure uniformity.
  • Evaluate the purchase of new advance technology devices.
  • Ensure proper connectivity to all the end users in the organization.



It is the responsibility of management to make sure employees are covered in terms of finances, health care, and other economic-related issues as well as making certain that interpersonal relations and social issues such as community viability and emotional stability are healthy.



A stakeholder is defined as a person, group, or organization that has direct or indirect stake in an organization. Key stakeholders in a business organization include creditors, customers, directors, employees, government, owners, suppliers, unions, and the community where the business yields its resources. Various stakeholders are entitled to various considerations. For instance, the company’s customers are entitled to fair trading practices but not entitled to the same considerations as the company’s employees.


The roles and responsibilities of the financial department play a significant role in the smooth operation of the business. The most standard function of this department is to document and manage incoming and outgoing cash flows as well as the actual processing of the cash flows.

The responsibilities of a financial department:


  • Budget management
  • Grants management
  • Salary administration
  • Property management
  • Purchasing
  • Handling cash



The responsibilities of HR varies according to the size of the organization. HR directors, and occasionally HR managers direct several… click to read more…

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