Computer Security Legislation

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Computer Security Legislation:

  • The Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986 deals with eavesdropping and the interception of message contents without discerning between private or public systems. This law updated the Federal privacy clause in the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to include digitized voice, data, or video, whether transmitted over wire, microwave, or fiber optics. Court warrants are purposed to intercept wire or oral communications, except for phone companies, the FCC, and police officers that are involved through the consent of one of the parties.
  • The Computer Security Act of 1987 places mandates on federal government agencies to conduct security-related training, to pinpoint sensitive systems, and to develop a security plan for those sensitive systems. A category of sensitive information called Sensitive But Unclassified (SBU) has to be taken into account. This category, formerly known as Sensitive Unclassified Information (SUI), addresses information below the government’s classified level that is valuable enough to protect, such as medical information, financial information, and research and development knowledge. This act also divided the government’s responsibility for security between the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the National Security Agency (NSA). NIST was given the duty of monitoring information security in general, mainly for the commercial and SBU arenas, and NSA retained the duties for cryptography for classified government and military applications.
  • The Computer Security Act established the national Computer System Security and Privacy Advisory Board (CSSPAB) are a twelve-member advisory group of experts in computer and telecommunications systems security.
  • The British Computer Misuse Act of 1990 deals with computer-related criminal offenses.
  • The Federal Sentencing Guidelines of 1991 outlines punishment procedures for those found guilty of breaking federal law.

Additional laws follow: 

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