RIPv1 Characteristics

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RIPv1 Characteristics:

  1. Classful routing– RIP is a classful routing protocol, it does not send or receive subnet masks, it assumes classful subnet masks
  2. Periodic updates– RIP broadcasts routing updates every 30 seconds. It broadcasts the entire routing table in the update.
  3. Triggered updates– RIP also broadcasts updates when there is a change in the topology, like a network going up or down.
  4. Metric– RIP’s metric is hop count. RIP’s maximum distance is 15 hops. 16 hops is infinity and is used to mark a route as dead.
  5. Administrative Distance– RIP’s administrative distance is 120. AD ranks the trustworthiness, or reliability of the route, the lower the administrative distance the better the route.
  6. Hold Down Timer– RIP uses a hold down timer of 180 seconds so that it does not propagate bad routes and does not have a count-to-infinity routing loop. Route is flushed at 240 seconds.
  7. Load Balancing– Default load balancing across 4 equal cost routes. Can go up to 6 routes.

Remaining RIPv1 characteristics below: 

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