< All CompTIA A+ Notes

neler13 | CompTIA A+ | Module 1.4 - OS Features - Administrative Tools

By: neler13 | Related Course: CompTIA A+ | Published: January 29, 2018 | Modified: January 31, 2018
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NotepadComputer Management

Computer Management

Task Scheduler-allows to set triggers – run a  program or start a program

Event Viewer

Shared Folders

Local Users/Groups-allows management of groups by setting security settings.  Then we don’t have to change every user individually but set the group

Performance Monitor(computer Manager)

Disk Management tool – Hard Drives, Usb drives etc. allows to manage the physical disk inside such as hard drive as well. 

Device Manager -allows to see hardware such has update drivers for devices such as video,

Command line – Start run mme

Services and Applications allows us to modify certain running services, print spooler, administrative services. Snap ins already loaded.  Such as

Task scheduler

Event Viewer

Shared Folders

Local Users/Groups


Device Manager

Disk Management


NotepadDevice Manager

Can Configure hardware devices

See connected Devices

See Driver Information


The Device Manager is a key administrative tool within the Windows Operating System.  The device Manager is the hardware administrator for all Windows operating systems.

You’ll learn how to access the device Manager consul and manage all hardware specific tasks, perform troubleshooting for hardware devices that are attached to the computing system, add new hardware devices.  You’ll also learn how to monitor your hardware and network resources, update device drivers and review device driver info to confirm compatibility thru the Device Management Consul to

NotepadDisk Management

manage attached disks to our computer (anything we attach to the computer that we read/write to the computer.

Disk Management-

Drive Status

Mounting information (to a drive letter such as E) computer will mount a drive and assign drive letters.   You can reassign the Drive letters such as D:

We can Extend/shrink/split partitions such as Disk 1 label the disk

Our next tool is the Disk Management Tool, the utility that manages any hardware tool connected to the computing system.

Upon completion of this lesson, you’ll know how to use this total hardware management tool for formatting, mounting, partitioning, and performing other configuration maintenance on read/write devices including hard disk drives (HDD), DVD, etc.

NotepadLocal Secuity Policy

Only supported by certain security policy

Only XP Professional has local security policy

Vista & 7 only include local security policy in business , ultimate and enterprise.

Local security policy – can be modified


Account Policies

1. Password policy

2. Account lockout

3. Password length

4.  Reuse a password for how many days

5.  Complexity, failed attempts before lockout 9 must wait 15 minutes to allow another attempt or until an administrator unlocks.


Local security policy

1. Audit policy allows tracking what a user does.

2.  User rights assignment -sets what uses or groups can do.

3.  Security Policy Options – Password and lockout



– Password  how many days can you keep a password

–  Account Lockout – How many password attempts (3)

 – How many password attempts will lock account

Local Security Policies

Tool that sets local security policies on what a user can and can’t do.

Account policy 

Audit Policies – allow to track failed passwords, files, etc

User rights assignments-

Security policy

Domain group policy- Password and Lockout policy will over ride Local policy



NotepadPerformance Monitor

Performance Monitor – can be accessed through

Our next Windows Administrative Tool we explore is the Performance Monitor.  This tool can be accessed directly and is can be used to directly monitor network connections, power, user activity, and much more – there are literally an endless number of variables that can be accessed and monitored thru the Performance Monitor.

This lesson demonstrates how to access the computer components within the Performance Monitor available for assessment then demonstrates how to read and interpret the display output for several of them.

You’ll learn what a counter is, what information you can learn from them, how much information is revealed thru them and what that info tells you about the computing system it’s monitoring.

NotepadSystem Configuration MS Config

System Configuration MS config

1.  General Tab -Normal Startup

2.  Diagnostic startup – Troubleshoot mode

3.  Selective Mode- custom startup

4.  Boot Tab -give information on what will happen on next boot up.

5.  Services tab

6.  Startup

7.  Tools


NotepadTask Manager

We discussed Task Manager earlier in this module, this lesson is a hands-on demonstration of how to use the utilities within Task Manager, what some of them reveal about the host computing system, and why knowing that real time data is important.

Task Manager

We discussed Task Manager earlier in this module, this lesson is a hands-on demonstration of how to use the utilities within Task Manager, what some of them reveal about the host computing system, and why knowing that real time data is important. Applications, Processes, Services, Performance, Networking, users

If end task does not work Control Alt Delete will bring up the processes tab

Manage applications in Applications tab



NotepadUsers and Groups

Users & Groups

For this lesson, we examine the User & Groups.  This tool allows you to add, create, manage user and groups of users, as well as administrate access rights and privileges of those uses and groups. Install programs rests passwords.

You’ll learn how to with the appropriate rights from the host machine, you can create individual users and assign access rights to resources shared thru host system.

You’ll learn the three different types of users, the advantages of creating groups for shared access to a resource rather than granting permissions to individual user, and how group rights and privileges differ from user rights and privileges whether inside and outside a group designation. 

Groups –

1.  Administrator – permissions to manage system wide changes. Only administrators  can change registry

2. Users – restricted does not know too much about computers

3. Guests – Usually  (disable this account).  Guest does not have a password

4. Groups – place users in groups depending on who\what they do.  It group or accounting so they only have access to what they need.

5. Guest Account – disable as you can not setup a password for this.

6.  Temporary Intern account- move them into this to allow them to do their job then move out when finished


NotepadWindows Firewall w\ advanced Security

Software Firewall

Allow or deny inbound or outbound connections.

Set of rules of what can come in or go out from us.

Explicit allow or deny.

Inbound side create a rule to block or allow to go through

Start with high security

Windows firewall – can specify by:

1. IP address

2. Port names

3. Applications

4. Protocols

5.  Setup monitoring

6.  Connection Security

7.  Different Profiles on domain profile – Public or Private


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