Software Developer Job Profile

What is a Software Developer?

A Software Developer develops, creates, maintains, and writes code new (or modifies existing) computer applications, software, or specialized utility programs.

Professional Certifications

Core Competencies of Software Developer

  • Network Management
  • Risk Management
  • Criminal Law
  • Information Assurance
  • Vulnerability Management
  • Software Development
  • System Architecture
  • Acquisition Management
  • Enterprise Architecture
  • Data Administration
  • System Administration

Software Developer must know:

  • computer networking concepts and protocols, and network security methodologies.
  • risk management processes (e.g., methods for assessing and mitigating risk).
  • laws, regulations, policies, and ethics as they relate to cybersecurity and privacy.
  • cybersecurity and privacy principles.
  • cyber threats and vulnerabilities.
  • specific operational impacts of cybersecurity lapses.
  • complex data structures.
  • computer programming principles
  • organization’s enterprise information security architecture.
  • organization’s evaluation and validation requirements.
  • cybersecurity and privacy principles and methods that apply to software development.
  • cybersecurity and privacy principles and organizational requirements (relevant to confidentiality, integrity, availability, authentication, non-repudiation).
  • local area and wide area networking principles and concepts including bandwidth management.
  • low-level computer languages (e.g., assembly languages).
  • operating systems.
  • Privacy Impact Assessments.
  • programming language structures and logic.
  • system and application security threats and vulnerabilities (e.g., buffer overflow, mobile code, cross-site scripting, Procedural Language/Structured Query Language [PL/SQL] and injections, race conditions, covert channel, replay, return-oriented attacks, malicious code).
  • secure configuration management techniques. (e.g., Security Technical Implementation Guides (STIGs), cybersecurity best practices on cisecurity.org).
  • software debugging principles.
  • software design tools, methods, and techniques.
  • software development models (e.g., Waterfall Model, Spiral Model).
  • software engineering.
  • structured analysis principles and methods.
  • system design tools, methods, and techniques, including automated systems analysis and design tools.
  • web services (e.g., service-oriented architecture, Simple Object Access Protocol, and web service description language).
  • interpreted and compiled computer languages.
  • secure coding techniques.
  • software related information technology (IT) security principles and methods (e.g., modularization, layering, abstraction, data hiding, simplicity/minimization).
  • software quality assurance process.
  • supply chain risk management standards, processes, and practices.
  • critical infrastructure systems with information communication technology that were designed without system security considerations.
  • network security architecture concepts including topology, protocols, components, and principles (e.g., application of defense-in-depth).
  • security architecture concepts and enterprise architecture reference models (e.g., Zachman, Federal Enterprise Architecture [FEA]).
  • the application firewall concepts and functions (e.g., Single point of authentication/audit/policy enforcement, message scanning for malicious content, data anonymization for PCI and PII compliance, data loss protection scanning, accelerated cryptographic operations, SSL security, REST/JSON processing).
  • Personally Identifiable Information (PII) data security standards.
  • Payment Card Industry (PCI) data security standards.
  • Personal Health Information (PHI) data security standards.
  • information technology (IT) risk management policies, requirements, and procedures.
  • embedded systems.
  • network protocols such as TCP/IP, Dynamic Host Configuration, Domain Name System (DNS), and directory services.
  • penetration testing principles, tools, and techniques.
  • root cause analysis techniques.
  • Application Security Risks (e.g. Open Web Application Security Project Top 10 list)

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