Cyber Instructor Job Profile

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What is a Cyber Instructor

The Cyber Instructor develops and conducts training or education of personnel within cyber domain.

Professional Certification

Cyber Instructor must know

  • computer networking concepts and protocols, and network security methodologies.
  • risk management processes (e.g., methods for assessing and mitigating risk).
  • laws, regulations, policies, and ethics as they relate to cybersecurity and privacy.
  • cybersecurity and privacy principles.
  • cyber threats and vulnerabilities.
  • specific operational impacts of cybersecurity lapses.
  • authentication, authorization, and access control methods.
  • new and emerging information technology (IT) and cybersecurity technologies.
  • technology that can be exploited.
  • multiple cognitive domains and tools and methods applicable for learning in each domain.
  • virtualization technologies and virtual machine development and maintenance.
  • the organization’s core business/mission processes.
  • emerging security issues, risks, and vulnerabilities.
  • learning assessment techniques (rubrics, evaluation plans, tests, quizzes).
  • computer based training and e-learning services.
  • instructional design and evaluation models (e.g., ADDIE, Smith/Ragan model, Gagne’s Events of Instruction, Kirkpatrick’s model of evaluation).
  • organizational training policies.
  • learning levels (i.e., Bloom’s Taxonomy of learning).
  • Learning Management Systems and their use in managing learning.
  • learning styles (e.g., assimilator, auditory, kinesthetic).
  • modes of learning (e.g., rote learning, observation).
  • organizational training systems.
  • media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods, including alternative ways to inform via written, oral, and visual media.
  • principles and processes for conducting training and education needs assessment.
  • relevant concepts, procedures, software, equipment, and technology applications.
  • Test & Evaluation processes for learners.
  • training and education principles and methods for curriculum design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training and education effects.
  • an organization’s information classification program and procedures for information compromise.
  • external organizations and academic institutions with cyber focus (e.g., cyber curriculum/training and Research & Development).
  • technical delivery capabilities and their limitations.
  • cyber competitions as a way of developing skills by providing hands-on experience in simulated, real-world situations.

Key skills of the Cyber Instructor include:

  • conducting vulnerability scans and recognizing vulnerabilities in security systems.
  • analyzing network traffic capacity and performance characteristics.
  • applying confidentiality, integrity, and availability principles.
  • the use of penetration testing tools and techniques.
  • the use of social engineering techniques. (e.g., phishing, baiting, tailgating, etc.).
  • tuning sensors.
  • using knowledge management technologies.
  • using network management tools to analyze network traffic patterns (e.g., simple network management protocol).
  • using protocol analyzers.
  • writing code in a currently supported programming language (e.g., Java, C++).
  • developing and executing technical training programs and curricula.
  • talking to others to convey information effectively.
  • using virtual machines. (e.g., Microsoft Hyper-V, VMWare vSphere, Citrix XenDesktop/Server, Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud, etc.).
  • conducting forensic analyses in multiple operating system environments (e.g., mobile device systems).
  • configuring and utilizing software-based computer protection tools (e.g., software firewalls, antivirus software, anti-spyware).
  • using network analysis tools to identify vulnerabilities. (e.g., fuzzing, nmap, etc.).
  • configuring and utilizing network protection components (e.g., Firewalls, VPNs, network intrusion detection systems).
  • applying security controls.
  • detecting host and network based intrusions via intrusion detection technologies. (See Network Management)
  • utilizing or developing learning activities (e.g., scenarios, instructional games, interactive exercises).
  • utilizing technologies (e.g., SmartBoards, websites, computers, projectors) for instructional purposes.
  • system, network, and OS hardening techniques. (e.g., remove unnecessary services, password policies, network segmentation, enable logging, least privilege, etc.).
  • analyzing malware.
  • performing packet-level analysis.
  • analyzing traffic to identify network devices.
  • reverse engineering (e.g., hex editing, binary packaging utilities, debugging, and strings analysis) to identify function and ownership of remote tools.
  • reviewing and editing assessment products.
  • technical writing.
  • using tools, techniques, and procedures to remotely exploit and establish persistence on a target.
  • writing about facts and ideas in a clear, convincing, and organized manner.
  • communicating with all levels of management including Board members (e.g., interpersonal skills, approachability, effective listening skills, appropriate use of style and language for the audience).
  • remain aware of evolving technical infrastructures.

Cyber Instructor must be able to

  • prepare and deliver education and awareness briefings to ensure that systems, network, and data users are aware of and adhere to systems security policies and procedures.
  • answer questions in a clear and concise manner.
  • ask clarifying questions.
  • communicate complex information, concepts, or ideas in a confident and well-organized manner through verbal, written, and/or visual means.
  • communicate effectively when writing.
  • conduct vulnerability scans and recognize vulnerabilities in security systems.
  • facilitate small group discussions.
  • gauge learner understanding and knowledge level.
  • prepare and present briefings.
  • produce technical documentation.
  • provide effective feedback to students for improving learning.
  • apply principles of adult learning.
  • design valid and reliable assessments.
  • develop clear directions and instructional materials.
  • develop curriculum for use within a virtual environment.
  • operate common network tools (e.g., ping, traceroute, nslookup).
  • tailor curriculum that speaks to the topic at the appropriate level for the target audience.
  • execute OS command line (e.g., ipconfig, netstat, dir, nbtstat).
  • operate different electronic communication systems and methods (e.g., e-mail, VOIP, IM, web forums, Direct Video Broadcasts).
  • accurately and completely source all data used in intelligence, assessment and/or planning products.
  • apply critical reading/thinking skills.
  • evaluate information for reliability, validity, and relevance.
  • function in a collaborative environment, seeking continuous consultation with other analysts and experts—both internal and external to the organization—to leverage analytical and technical expertise.
  • tailor technical and planning information to a customer’s level of understanding.
  • think critically.
  • monitor advancements in information privacy technologies to ensure organizational adaptation and compliance.
  • develop or procure curriculum that speaks to the topic at the appropriate level for the target.
  • understand technology, management, and leadership issues related to organization processes and problem solving.
  • understand the basic concepts and issues related to cyber and its organizational impact.
  • conduct training and education needs assessment

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