Underminer Exploit Kit: How Tenable Can Help

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The “Underminer” exploit kit is having widespread impact in Asian countries, particularly Japan. Thankfully, mitigation is relatively simple and involves patching and other well-known security best practices.

Contrary to popular belief, the exploit kit is not dead yet. “Underminer,” an exploit kit named and discovered by Trend Micro, is having widespread impact in Asian countries, particularly Japan. Its nefarious bootkit affects the system’s boot sectors and delivers the coin mining payload named Hidden Mellifera.

While the continued decline of Adobe Flash has led to a reduction in the prevalence of Exploit Kits, enterprises need to remember this attack vector remains a real problem. Underminer is quite sophisticated and has many of the capabilities utilized by other problematic exploit kits, including user-agent/browser profiling to determine Flash Player version and cookie detection to prevent repeated exploit site visits. In addition, RSA encryption of traffic is utilized prior to exploitation.

The following diagram from Trend Micro provides a useful high-level view of the stages and vectors of Underminer:

Source: Trend Micro, https://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/files/2018/07/underminer-exploit-kit-4.png.

As of 4:45 am EDT on July 27, the antivirus (AV) programs tested by VirusTotal have very limited coverage of the provided SHA-256 checksums (3/40). However, that’s bound to change with time and is likely due to the localized exploitation. Thankfully, mitigation is relatively simple and involves patching and other well-known security best practices, such as preventing unnecessary browser plugins, good firewall hygiene, antivirus updates, user awareness and so on.

Antivirus programs tested by VirusTotal

VirusTotal Underminer

Source: VirusTotal, https://www.virustotal.com/#/file/a795deaa2d1c1f2d9426a8c28791111e0192ffad14d086b51bc61c8e16008b63/detection.

Tenable’s Coverage for Underminer Exploit Kit

CVE

Plugin ID

Description

CVE-2015-5119

84641

Adobe AIR

CVE-2015-5119

84642

Adobe Flash Player

CVE-2015-5119

84667

Google Chrome

CVE-2015-5119

84645

MS KB3065823: Update for Vulnerabilities in Adobe Flash Player in Internet Explorer

CVE-2016-0189

91001

MS16-051: Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer (3155533)

CVE-2016-0189

91003

MS16-053: Cumulative Security Update for JScript and VBScript (3156764)

CVE-2018-4878

106606

Adobe Flash Player

CVE-2018-4878

106655

KB4074595: Security update for Adobe Flash Player (February 2018)

Additional Information:

Learn more about Tenable.io, the first Cyber Exposure platform for holistic management of your modern attack surface. Get a free 60-day trial of Tenable.io Vulnerability Management.

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Tenable™, Inc. is the Cyber Exposure company. Over 24,000 organizations of all sizes around the globe rely on Tenable to manage and measure their modern attack surface to accurately understand and reduce cyber risk. As the creator of Nessus®, Tenable built its platform from the ground up to deeply understand assets, networks and vulnerabilities, extending this knowledge and expertise into Tenable.io™ to deliver the world’s first platform to provide live visibility into any asset on any computing platform. Tenable customers include over 50 percent of the Fortune 500, large government agencies and organizations across the private and public sectors. Learn more at tenable.com.
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