Overview

Introduction

Welcome to the Operating System Types and Features Practice Lab. In this module you will be provided with the instructions and devices needed to develop your hands-on skills.

  • Manage network interfaces
  • Debug network configuration issues

Learning Outcomes

In this module, you will complete the following exercises:

  • Exercise 1 - Comparison of Windows 7, 8.1 and 10
  • Exercise 2 - Corporate vs. Personal Needs
  • Exercise 3 - Change Desktop Styles/User Interfaces
  • Exercise 4 - Comparison of 32-bit and 64-bit Operating Systems
  • Exercise 5 - Workstation Operating Systems
  • Exercise 6 - Comparison of Cell Phone/Tablet Operating Systems
  • Exercise 7 - Know the Vendor-specific Limitations
  • Exercise 8 - Compatibility Concerns between Operating Systems

After completing this lab, you will be able to:

  • Know the Interface Differences
  • Use Search
  • Remove a System from Domain
  • Use Media Center
  • Configure BranchCache
  • Configure Encrypting File System (EFS)
  • Change Interface Settings in PLABWIN10
  • Know the Key Differences between 32-bit and 64-bit Operating Systems
  • Verify a 64-bit Operating System
  • Select a Workstation Operating System as per the Need
  • Learn about Cell Phone Operating Systems
  • Know the Vendor-specific Limitations of Operating Systems
  • Know about the Same Vendor Compatibility and Different Vendor Compatibility

Exam Objectives

The following exam objectives are covered in this lab:

  • 220-1002: 1.2 Compare and contrast features of Microsoft Windows versions

Lab Duration

It will take approximately 1 hour to complete this lab.

Exercise 1 - Comparison of Windows 7, 8.1 and 10

In this exercise, you will look at three version of windows - Win 7, Win 8.1, and Win 10. Windows 7 is the oldest version among these. Windows 10 is the latest version, and Windows 8.1 was released in-between.

While Windows 7 was designed mostly for laptop and desktop users, Microsoft made big changes in the design of Windows 8 for touchscreen and tablet users. Windows 10 brought the balance in the design for the tablets and the desktop users

In Windows 10, Microsoft has introduced Cortana, which is a voice assistant that facilitates voice search. Windows 10 has a different Web browser named Microsoft Edge. In the earlier versions of Windows, Internet Explorer was the default Web browser.

Windows 10 has more enhanced security features compared to earlier versions of Windows. For example, a feature called Windows Defender Device Guard, which is useful for blocking malicious software by screening unsigned programs and apps.

Just like every product shelf-life, Windows also has an end date where Microsoft stops providing support and updates. Here are the dates for these three versions of Windows after which Microsoft will stop its extended support:

  • Windows 7 Service Pack 1: January 14th, 2020
  • Windows 8.1: January 10th, 2023
  • Windows 10: October 14th, 2025

Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 were designed to incorporate features required for tablet operating systems. In these operating systems, a feature was introduced where a user can download an app from the cloud storage. Also, the graphical user interface was made more user-friendly. The Start menu, which was removed from Windows 8 and 8.1, was re-introduced in Windows 10. Windows 10 also has a voice assistant feature called Cortana. In Windows 10, a feature called universal apps is introduced to make transaction across devices seamless. Windows 10 also offers a cloud storage service, which is known as Microsoft OneDrive.

In this exercise, you will learn about the interface and search differences.

Learning Outcomes

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

  • Know the Interface Differences
  • Use Search

Exam Objectives

  • 220-1002: Compare and contrast common operating system types and their purposes

Exercise 2 - Corporate vs. Personal Needs

Computers are being used everywhere - including at work and at home. Users can use Windows, Mac OS, or Linux in either of these environments. However, the manner in which computers are setup and configured differs in both environments. A computer in the office environment is likely to be part of a domain and will interact with the other computers. A computer at home is likely to be part of a workgroup and is considered to be a standalone computer.

In this exercise, you will learn to add a computer to a domain..

Exam Objectives

  • After completing this exercise, you will be able to:
  • Use Media Center
  • Remove a System from Domain
  • Configure BranchCache
  • Configure Encrypting File System (EFS)

Exercise 3 - Change Desktop Styles/User Interfaces

Different operating systems provide different kinds of displays and user interfaces. These user interfaces can be customized.

Unlike Linux, which is open source, Windows does not offer a great deal of customization. You can make cosmetic changes, but they are limited to color, wallpaper, etc. Linux, on the other hand, you can make plenty of changes, including the look, feel, and functionality. For example, Windows 7 was similar to Vista, but there were several new improvements, such as performance. Bugs and user interface-related issues present in Windows Vista were fixed in Windows 7.

In this exercise, you will learn to change desktop styles and user interfaces.

Exam Objective

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

  • Change Interface Settings in PLABWIN10

Exercise 4 - Comparison of 32-bit and 64-bit Operating Systems

32-bit operating systems were used until approximately 2009, and since then, 64-bit operating systems have been widely used in personal computers. The 64-bit operating systems became more popular because of their ability to handle a higher amount of memory. Applications are becoming bigger and are requiring more memory. The 32-bit operating systems cannot handle the memory requirements of these applications. Therefore, the usage of 64-bit operating systems increased.

In this exercise, you will learn to learn about the differences between a 32-bit and 64-bit operating system.

Learning Outcomes

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

  • Know the Key Differences between 32-bit and 64-bit Operating Systems
  • Verify a 64-bit Operating System

Exam Objectives

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

  • Add a computer to a domain

Exercise 5 - Workstation Operating Systems

Workstation operating systems are generally referred to as ‘client’ operating systems. A client operating system is installed on the desktops, laptops, tablets, and also mobile devices. A client operating system is designed to serve a single user at a time. Even though multiple user accounts can exist on the system, only one user can log on at any given point of time. A client operating system is not designed to perform any server role, such as a Web server, DNS server, or E-mail server.

A client operating system is designed to run on specific hardware, which can be 32-bit or 64-bit. A client operating system, such as Linux, is open-source and is free to download. Whereas, Windows is commercial and you have to purchase a license.

In this exercise, you will be comparing a few of these operating systems based on their vendors.

Learning Outcomes

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

  • Select a Workstation Operating System as per the need

Exercise 6 - Comparison of Cell Phone/Tablet Operating Systems

Much like operating systems, there are many different cell phones and tablets manufactured by different vendors. Each vendor utilizes its own choice of operating system (OS). These operating systems can differ greatly from one another based on their features. For example, Android is used on a large number of mobile phones and tablets because it is open-source.

In this exercise, you will be comparing a few of these operating systems based on their features.

Learning Outcomes

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

  • Learn about Cell Phone Operating Systems

Exercise 7 - Know the Vendor-specific Limitations

Every operating system has a few limitations. Some are specific to the vendor of that particular OS. These limitations could be related to the incorporation of a particular version of the OS into new devices, or it may be related to the support provided by the vendor for that particular OS.

Learning Outcomes

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

  • Know the Vendor-specific Limitations of Operating Systems

Exercise 8 - Compatibility Concerns between Operating Systems

Applications usually have compatibility issues with the newer version of an operating system. For example, if you have an application for Windows 7 and need to run it on Windows 10, you are likely to face compatibility issues.

In this exercise, you will know how to solve the compatibility issues in Windows 10.

Learning Outcomes

After completing this exercise, you will be able to:

  • Know about the Same Vendor Compatibility and Different Vendor Compatibility

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